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eBay Inc. (EBAY) Q1 2022 Earnings Call Transcript

EBAY Earnings Call - Final Transcript

eBay Inc.  (NASDAQ: EBAY) Q1 2022 earnings call dated May. 04, 2022

Corporate Participants:

Joe Billante — Vice President Investor Relations

Jamie Iannone — President and Chief Executive Officer

Steve Priest — Senior Vice President, Chief Financial Officer

Analysts:

Colin Sebastian — Baird — Analyst

Eric Sheridan — Goldman Sachs — Analyst

Tom Champion — Piper Sandler — Analyst

Deepak Mathivanan — Wolfe — Analyst

Stephen Ju — Credit Suisse — Analyst

Ross Sandler — Barclays — Analyst

Dan Salmon — BMO Capital Markets — Analyst

Richard Kramer — Arete Research — Analyst

John Blackledge — Cowen — Analyst

Justin Post — Bank of America — Analyst

Presentation:

Operator

Ladies and gentlemen, thank you for standing by, and welcome to the eBay Q1 2022 Earnings Call. [Operator Instructions].

I would now like to turn the conference over to your host, Joe Billante, VP of Investor Relations. Please go ahead.

Joe Billante — Vice President Investor Relations

Good afternoon. Thank you for joining us, and welcome to eBay’s earnings release conference call for the first quarter of 2022. Joining me today on the call are Jamie Iannone, our Chief Executive Officer; and Steve Priest, our Chief Financial Officer. We’re providing a slide presentation to accompany Jamie and Steve’s commentary during the call, which is available through the Investor Relations section of the eBay website at investors.ebayinc.com. Before we begin, I’d like to remind you that during the course of this conference call, we will discuss some non-GAAP measures related to our performance. You can find the reconciliation of these measures to the nearest comparable GAAP measures in the slide presentation accompanying this conference call. Additionally, all revenue and GMV growth rates mentioned in Jamie’s and Steve’s remarks represent FX-neutral year-over-year comparisons unless they indicate otherwise. In this conference call, management will make forward-looking statements, including, without limitation, statements regarding our future performance and expected financial results. These forward-looking statements involve known and unknown risks and uncertainties, and our actual results may differ materially from our forecasts for a variety of reasons. You can find more information about risks, uncertainties and other factors that could affect our operating results in our most recent periodic reports on Form 10-K and Form 10-Q in our earnings release from earlier today. You should not rely on any forward-looking statements. All information in this presentation is as of May 4, 2022, and we do not intend and undertake no duty to update this information.

With that, let me turn it over to Jamie.

Jamie Iannone — President and Chief Executive Officer

Thanks, Joe. Good afternoon, everyone, and thank you for joining us. Before discussing our first quarter results, I want to acknowledge the terrible human tragedy that continues to unfold in Ukraine. This is a very difficult time for many, and I’m proud of how eBay employees and customers have mobilized to support those affected. At our core, eBay exists to help people and communities around the world. This role is fundamental to our purpose and motivates our workforce. In addition to direct and indirect support for refugees and citizens, we will continue policy actions to help customers in the region. These events have had a negative impact on consumer health, primarily in European markets. Despite this unexpected headwind, our global results for Q1 were strong. Let me highlight a few achievements from the quarter. Focused category innovation expanded, and these categories continue to grow faster than the rest of the marketplace. 18 million enthusiast buyers continue to shop regularly on eBay, purchasing items over 30 times per year. Sellers are seeing a simpler unified listing experience, and we made several improvements to eBay stores in the quarter. We announced a deal with climate to provide more popular payment methods to German buyers, and we started testing the new eBay wallet. Our advertising business grew faster than GMV due to increased optimization and adoption of new products. And finally, we made significant progress on our e-commerce, DE&I and sustainability goals. Sellers and buyers are turning to eBay, and this led to financial results at the high end of our expectations.

We delivered over $19.4 billion in GMV and close to $2.5 billion in revenue. We continue to make the long-term investments laid out at Investor Day while achieving a 32% operating margin. And our non-GAAP EPS was $1.05, $0.02 ahead of consensus. Given the challenges our customers are facing around the world, we are pleased with our performance to start the year. Since late February, when the war in Ukraine began, we have seen lower e-commerce traffic, inflation in gas prices and home energy costs and historically low consumer confidence, particularly in the U.K. and Germany. As we look forward to the rest of 2022, we find ourselves in the most dynamic macro environment I have seen since returning to eBay as CEO. We expect more near-term headwinds to e-commerce growth rates this year, and our revised guidance reflects our best year based on recent trends. Steve will go into more detail about our full year expectations later. During these uncertain times, one thing that remains clear is that the tech-led reimagination is improving the underlying health of our business, and we are on track towards our long-term growth targets. One example is in focus categories. The investments in trust, user experience and marketing are driving higher customer satisfaction, leading to faster GMV growth. In Q1, excluding trading cards, focused category GMV grew nine points faster than the rest of the platform. This growth is on top of last year’s stimulus-driven surge, which drove exceptional volume in many high ASP products. Despite challenging year-over-year comps, trading cards remains one of our healthiest growth businesses.

In the first half of 2021, we saw an unprecedented surge boosted by mobility restrictions and stimulus. Since that time, volume has remained elevated. And in Q1, GMV was more than double the size of pre-pandemic levels. As a leading trading cards platform, we continue to innovate our experience to increase trust between buyers and sellers. In Q1, we launched authenticity guarantee for ungraded cards above $750. Just this week, we expanded authentication to cards by signing a strategic partnership with PSA, the global leader in trading card grading and authentication. We expect this partnership will increase customer satisfaction and result in more GMV growth. We are incredibly excited for the launch of the Vault this quarter, which will transform our Collectibles business. Items in the vault will be able to securely transfer between sellers and buyers in a matter of seconds without the need to ship or the need to reauthenticate. We see an opportunity to hold up to $3 billion of inventory in our vault in the next few years, creating significant GMV and revenue growth potential. Looking beyond Collectibles, we continue to expand coverage of focused categories to more products and markets. Let me share a few examples. At the end of March, we started authenticating high-value handbags in the U.K. and Australia. We also expanded the number of handbag brands covered by our authenticity guarantee and began to authenticate men’s bags in the U.S. Another area in Q1 was eBay Refurbished.

After success with certified products direct from manufacturers, we have significantly expanded the program across smart watches, tablets, laptops and guest steps. Now buyers can shop from sellers across a wide range of refurbished inventory backed by eBay’s moneyback guarantee and warranties. These trusted products contribute to e-commerce, which saves consumers money and reduces carbon emissions. The luxury watch category continues to grow at positive double-digit rates on top of last year’s strong growth rate. To date, we have authenticated watches over $2,000 across three markets. This quarter, we added the ability for buyers to request expert verification for a fee for watches valued between $1,000 and $2,000. This additional service marks an important milestone in our journey to increase trust through authentication. This feature is portable to other categories and markets across the platform and demonstrates the scalability and effectiveness of our playbook. In our sneakers category, we reintroduced final value fees in the U.S. in January, and growth momentum continued. These fees are lower than most other platforms and customer satisfaction remains near historically high levels. Sneaker GMV is also growing significantly faster than the rest of the business in our international markets. We repeated the successful approach first deployed in the U.S., which includes authentication, influencer partnerships and increased social marketing investments. In parts and accessories, supply chain constraints and low vehicle inventory are driving up the price of new and used cars.

These trends are driving more consumers to extend the life of their current vehicles. With approximately 0.5 billion P&A listings, we are well positioned to supply all the parts they need. We have been investing in full funnel marketing for parts and accessories since December, and we are starting to see modest gains in initial consideration. This includes partnerships with leading influencers and enthusiasts to showcase our vast inventory selection. A recent example is the eBay Auto Parts Show in New York, where several top influencers showcased that restored in custom vehicles. These do-it-yourself enthusiasts crafted reconcept cars using unique and hard-to-find parts on eBay. This event generated three billion media impressions in one week, supporting the momentum we are seeing in the P&A category. While sellers and buyers love what we are doing in focused categories, we are also making site-wide enhancements to help all sellers grow their business. In Q1, we made several significant changes to further modernize our store’s experience. First, our new storefront page provides sellers the ability to tell their story, showcase their brand and increase trust in their business. Second, we optimized SEO for stores to drive more free traffic. Third, we increased the prominence of store inventory and made it easier for enthusiasts to find stores throughout the buyer journey. To support sellers and help them grow their buyer base, we also increased the ability for buyers to save sellers for future purchases. Now when buyers purchase items, they are prompted after checkout to save that seller.

This has driven a 4x increase in the number of saved sellers to date, which leads to more purchase frequency. New buyers who save a seller in their first 90 days are more than twice as likely to repurchase an item. More sellers are sending coded coupons to drive repeat purchases. To date, over 7.5 million buyers have purchased an item from a seller funded coupon, equating to approximately $500 million in GMV. To help sellers improve targeting, they can now categorize their buyers in unique groups for customized marketing campaigns. Our payments platform is enabling new services and reducing transactional friction for sellers and buyers. We signed an agreement with Klarna in early March, bringing two popular payment methods, pay upon invoice and installments, to our German buyers. Testing is underway, and we are on track to make it available to all German consumers this quarter. We started testing and scaling other payment studies in Q1, including the new digital wallet we announced at Investor Day. When sellers earn money, that balance is stored on eBay and readily available for them to purchase items or pay for selling expenses like shipping labels. We will continue to optimize this feature and expand to more customers during the year. Approximately one in five transactions occurs across borders, and our payments platform is reducing friction on these purchases. In Q1, we started giving buyers the option to pay in their local currency in addition to the currency of the listing. This feature simplifies cross-border trade and also enables incremental payments revenue to fund further innovation.

I’m excited by the pace of innovation in payments. After completing the migration last year, we are moving quickly to reduce friction, launch new services and leverage our scale to benefit sellers and buyers. Another area where innovation is driving growth is our advertising. In Q1, our ads business once again outpaced volume. Ad revenue growth was driven by Promoted Listings, which generated $222 million in revenue, up 2%. This was 19 points faster than GMV, and it has accelerated due to product innovation. Our standard Promoted Listings product, which still drives most of our first-party ad revenue, continues to drive growth through increased adoption and conversion optimization. And we see further runway in the quarters and years ahead. The three new products launched last year are early in the growth cycle but are up more than 50% versus Q4. The first product, Promoted Listings Express, is increasing conversion and price realization for auction sellers. A typical auction that leverages this feature is attracting several hundred more buyers per listing. The second product, External Promoted Listings, is now open to our entire global seller base. Similar to standard Promoted Listings, sellers choose the value of their ad spend. We continue to expand the list of affiliate partners in the program to drive more traffic directly to sellers with Promoted Listings. The third product, Promoted Listings Advance, while still limited data, has been scaled to more professional sellers. In Q1, we expanded the number of ad groups, providing more bidding capacity and flexibility. This product will take time to reach its full potential, and we see opportunities for significant growth.

We are continuing to invest in our advertising platform and expect ad revenue to outpace volume for the foreseeable future. We continue to make meaningful progress on ESG. Let me share a few highlights. Firstly, on Recommerce. In 2021, our platform generated over $4 billion in positive economic impact from the sale of used and refurbished goods. This activity avoided 1.5 million metric tons of carbon emissions, equivalent to taking 300,000 cars off the road for a year. Recommerce on eBay is growing due to our focus on non-new and season categories. Demand for refurbished and used goods is growing in many categories, and we are well positioned to hit the long-term goals I shared with you at Investor Day. Secondly, I’m proud of our team’s efforts around DE&I. We are about to publish our sixth annual diversity, equity and inclusion report. This report provides insights into our four strategic objectives: increased representation, cultivating a sense of belonging, engaging our communities and building inclusive technology. Aligning and executing on these objectives is how we build a richly diverse, truly equitable and fearlessly inclusive place to sell, buy and work. The third area of progress I would like to highlight is reducing our impact on the planet. Last year, we set ambitious, long-term, science-based targets. For the full year 2021, we reduced Scope one and two emissions by 26% versus 2019. For Scope three, which includes the impact of shipments on our platform, we reduced emissions by 7% versus 2019 despite volume growth. Lastly, 90% of our energy now comes from renewable sources, and we remain a carbon-neutral company.

You can find more details about our sustainability programs and our annual impact report later this month. I’m always impressed by the generosity of our sellers and buyers. In Q1, eBay for Charity raised over $36 million, up 2%. We recently announced the grand finale of the Power of One charity auction with Warren Buffett. Since launching on eBay over 20 years ago, over $34 million has been raised to support Glide, a nationally recognized center for equity. The eBay Foundation, whose mission is to remove systemic barriers to entrepreneurship, committed $11 million to nonprofits in Q1. In addition, during March, over $2.4 million was raised from employee contributions and eBay Foundation matching gifts, many of which went to support Ukrainian relief efforts. Across a number of other employee and customer channels, the company has raised millions of dollars for Ukraine-related causes. In several countries, customers contributed to give at checkout campaigns that supported the Red Cross, Nova Ukraine and Save the Children. We are very fortunate to work for a purpose-driven company with a team relentlessly focused on helping people and the scale to deliver meaningful impact to our communities. In closing, Q1 was a strong start to the year. We extended focused category coverage in watches, handbags, trading cards and eBay Refurbished. And we laid the groundwork to launch the Vault this quarter, a game-changing experience for collectors. We released several new features for eBay store sellers like new store fronts and enhanced SEO. And we’re encouraging more buyers to save their favorite sellers to drive repeat purchases.

In payments, we launched Klarna for German buyers, started testing a new digital wallet and increased currency payment options for cross-border buyers. Our advertising business is meaningfully outpacing volume growth through optimization and new product innovation. And we are achieving all of this while executing on an ambitious ESG agenda to support our communities and the world we live in. Before I hand it over to Steve, I would like to express my sincere appreciation to our seller and buyer community whose energy and unique inventory make our marketplace truly differentiated in e-commerce. I would also like to thank all of our global employees for their tireless efforts to delight customers and support our communities. Their dedication and focus are improving our underlying business health every day. Lastly, I’m thrilled to welcome Eddie Garcia back to eBay as our new core product leader. His wealth of eBay knowledge and track record of innovation will be great assets to continue to drive the tech-led reimagination.

With that, I’ll turn the call over to Steve to provide more details on our financial performance. Steve, over to you.

Steve Priest — Senior Vice President, Chief Financial Officer

Thank you, Jamie, and thank you all for joining us today. I’ll begin our discussion with financial highlights on slide nine of our Q1 earnings presentation. Next, I’ll provide a deeper look into key operating and financial metrics, including a discussion of our ongoing macroeconomic and geopolitical developments influencing our business. Finally, I’ll share our forward outlook and some closing thoughts before we begin Q&A. Please note, my comments will reflect year-over-year comparisons at constant currency, unless I note otherwise. Overall, we delivered strong results in Q1 as GMV, revenue and EPS met or exceeded expectations and performed near the high end of our outlook ranges. Our Q1 results were driven by continued progress against the strategic objectives we outlined at Investor Day, including an expansion in coverage and capabilities of our focused categories and improved technology for our sellers and buyers. Our first quarter revenue was down 5% to $2.48 billion, outpacing volume growth by approximately 12 points. Non-GAAP operating margin was 32.4%, up roughly 80 basis points sequentially. We delivered non-GAAP earnings of $1.05 per share, down 2% as compared to a record quarterly EPS result last year. We generated $546 million of free cash flow and returned approximately $1.4 billion to shareholders through repurchases and dividends. We achieved these results despite some back-end softness, associated changing macro conditions and the tragic conflict in Ukraine. I’m extremely proud of our team’s focus and execution amid these challenging circumstances.

Let’s take a closer look at our performance in Q1. Gross merchandise volume declined 17% as we lapped a seven point sequential acceleration during 2021 and which was driven by global mobility restrictions and U.S. stimulus payments. As compared to our pre-COVID baseline in Q1 of 2019, GMV grew 7%. We were extremely pleased with the pace of growth, innovation and execution with our focused categories during Q1, coming off a record surge in growth in early 2021. Trading card volumes appear to be stabilizing at a quarterly run rate, more than double pre-COVID levels, indicating continued healthy demand in this asset class. Excluding trading cards, year-on-year growth in focused categories outpaced the remainder of our marketplace by approximately nine points. We sustained strong positive growth within our luxury categories compared with last year’s stimulus-driven results, including sneakers over $100, where we reintroduced monetization in the U.S. in January. Trading 12-month active buyers were 142 million during the quarter, down roughly 5 million sequentially due to the same lapping dynamics. But importantly, this anticipated decline was skewed towards our low-value buyers. Trends within our high-value groups remained healthy as our 18 million buyers spent an average of over $3,000 across nine categories over the last 12 months.

Average spend per enthusiast also rose sequentially and increased low double digits versus 2019. U.S. GMV grew 17% compared to Q1 of 2019, while international GMV was roughly flat. Similar to prior quarters, our U.S. volume benefited from stronger underlying e-commerce growth, beneficial category mix and earlier launches of focused category initiatives. Meanwhile, our international business has experienced softer economic growth and greater exposure to the supply chain challenges impacting cross-border trade. When we spoke at our March Investor Day, we were beginning to observe modest softness in our European markets during the early weeks of Russia’s invasion of Ukraine. But the conflict intensified in the weeks that followed. The headwinds to our business became more pronounced. We estimate the Ukraine will represent a low single-digit negative impact to our global business in Q1. Notably, these macro headwinds have not impacted our product road map or other strategic initiatives. Net revenue during the quarter was $2.48 billion, down 5% with positive contributions from payments and ads, offset by comparisons with last year’s extraordinary volume growth. Our transaction take rate increased by over 30 basis points sequentially to 12.1%. Managed payments contributed over eight points of revenue growth during the quarter as we fully migrated to our proprietary platform, while new initiatives like buyer and seller FX are scaling in line with expectations.

First-party ads primarily promoted listings grew 2% during Q1 and outpaced volume by approximately 19 points. This marked an acceleration from roughly 15 points in Q4 as we further optimized our standard Promoted Listings product and recent additions to our ad portfolio grew in scale and adoption. Turning to margins. We delivered a non-GAAP operating margin of 32.4% in Q1, an increase of more than 80 basis points sequentially. This improvement was driven by lower seasonal spend in sales and marketing, which was offset by volume deleverage as we lapped last year’s GMV acceleration. During the first quarter, we delivered $1.05 of non-GAAP EPS, down 2% from our record quarterly EPS in Q1 of 2021. The impact of share repurchases and contributions from payments and ads were offset by the lapping of mobility tailwinds. We generated a GAAP loss per share of $2.28 with the delta driven by losses on our investment portfolio amid recent market volatility. We generated $546 million of free cash flow in Q1, down 37% due to lower volume and the lapping of onetime working capital benefits associated with the managed payments migration, partly offset by lower cash taxes. As we discussed at Investor Day, we do expect our cash taxes to rise this year due to the timing of repatriation payments and new federal tax treatment of R&D credits. These dynamics are not muted to eBay, and we expect to revert to a more normalized cash tax rate after 2025. We ended the quarter with cash and nonequity investments of $6.3 billion and gross debt of $8.3 billion as we paid down $750 million of notes during March.

We repurchased $1.25 billion of shares during the quarter at an average price of approximately $57. This was in addition to a portion of shares from our Q4 accelerated share repurchase program that settled in early Q1. Additionally, we paid a quarterly cash dividend of $129 million in March, representing $0.22 per share. Our investments are detailed on slide 19. Our remaining portfolio is valued at over $5 billion at the end of Q1 after a quarter of significant market volatility. We sold roughly $600 million of Adyen and KakaoBank shares during Q1. We will continue to manage our investment portfolio with the goal of maximizing shareholder value, which includes maintaining our investments when we believe we can generate incremental value for shareholders or monetizing them when we see an opportunity to do so. To that end, we sold Adyen shares during Q1 at an average price more than 7x the strike price of our first tranche. Moving to our outlook. Russia and Ukraine have historically made up less than 1% of our global volume, but the war in Ukraine has measurably impacted economic growth and consumer confidence throughout Europe and other parts of the world. This conflict arose as global economies were already contending with inflationary pressures and supply chain challenges.

On top of that, rising interest rates may further hinder near-term economic growth, while sanctions related to the war could raise already high fuel prices, additional pressure on consumer spending. We’re confident our business will remain resilient in the current environment. We are revising our expectations for the remainder of 2022 to reflect the macro conditions we’ve observed over the last two months. Despite the near-term uncertainty, we continue to invest in our focused categories and other strategic initiatives to achieve the long-term growth targets we outlined at Investor Day. For the full year, we are lowering our FX-neutral growth forecast for GMV by approximately 5%. The strengthening U.S. dollar also reduces our spot GMV outlook by roughly $1.3 billion versus our prior guidance. We now expect GMV of between $73.2 billion and $75.2 billion in 2022, representing a decline between 12% and 10%. We forecast revenue of $9.6 billion to $9.9 billion, representing a decline of between 6% and 3%. Our updated forecast operating margin between 29% and 30% as we expect to mitigate some macro-driven volume pressure through cost efficiencies. We forecast non-GAAP earnings per share between $3.90 and $4.10, representing negative 3% to positive 2% growth.

Looking to the second quarter, we expect to generate $18.02 billion to $18.42 billion of GMV, representing a decline between 16% and 14% or between 2% and 4% growth versus Q2 of 2019. We forecast revenue between $2.35 billion and $2.40 billion, representing a decline between 9% and 7%. We anticipate non-GAAP operating margin between 26.5% and 27.5% as we scale our planned investments in product and marketing initiatives. And we project non-GAAP earnings per share between $0.87 and $0.91, representing a decline of between 12% and 8%.In closing, Q1 was another strong quarter for eBay. We met or exceeded expectations across all key metrics despite facing a challenging confluence of geopolitical and macroeconomic developments in March. We expanded our coverage and capabilities within focused categories, which are delivering innovative new shopping experiences for our community and fueling positive underlying growth in our business. Advertising and payments initiatives are outpacing volume growth, delivering incremental revenue at healthy margins and helping eBay sellers grow their businesses. Our balanced approach to capital allocation enabled us to invest in strategic initiatives, maintain our best-in-class margins and return more than double our quarterly free cash flow to shareholders. And our focus on Recommerce and sustainable accretive business process has enabled us to achieve these results while supporting our people, our purpose and our plan. Finally, I’d like to echo Jamie’s thanks to our extraordinary eBay employees. Their focus and execution amid the challenges of the last few months has been truly inspiring. We continue to innovate and remain on track to deliver on the product road map we laid out at Investor Day.

And with that, Jamie and I will now take your questions.

Questions and Answers:

Operator

[Operator Instructions]. Our first question comes from the line of Colin Sebastian from Baird.

Colin Sebastian — Baird — Analyst

Two questions for me. I guess the message here is the tech-led reimagination is on track. But you hit these macro headwinds that depressed volumes in the near term. So with that context, Jamie, I was hoping you could drill down a bit more on growth in enthusiast buyers. And in particular, how do you expand the size of this group, drive more engagement? And if this relies on converting less active buyers to enthusiasts, those that are already on the platform. And I have a follow-up.

Jamie Iannone — President and Chief Executive Officer

Yes. Thanks for the question, Colin. Absolutely. So when you look at our enthusiast buyers, we have 18 million of them. They drive 70% of our GMV. That group is a very productive group for us. It’s — they shop more than 30 days. They spend over $3,000. And even though some of them are moved in and out of mid-value, when you look at our mid-value buyers that we outlined at Investor Day, they’re actually of the cumulative lifetime value of most other platforms. So they’re also very valuable customers as well. So the key things we’re doing is, a, driving our focused category strategy. When we look at those enthusiast buyers, 94% of them shop in focus categories. So that’s a big opportunity. 25% of them are selling on eBay, and that obviously drives the flywheel of performance. When we look at it versus 2019, it’s not just about the numbers, but how do we get that group to buy more. So versus 2019, they’re buying double digits more on the platform. And that has to do with getting them to go cross-category, getting them to be more sticky within their focus category or their initial category, and then all of the pieces that we know kind of drive retention. The last one I’ll just pick up on is it’s also tied into our seller strategy. So part of the things that we announced this year — this quarter with sellers, things like new eBay storefronts, enhancements to the eBay coupons, improvements to SEO. It’s all about how to — it’s just not eBay and the platform driving retention of those enthusiast buyers, but how do we put more tools in our sellers’ hands so that they can drive the retention of the buyers as well. So feel really good that the strategy is working and the plans are intact.

Colin Sebastian — Baird — Analyst

That’s helpful. And then secondly, maybe for Steve. It looks like guidance for the back half of the year implies somewhat normal sequential seasonality in volume for Q3 and Q4 off of that lower Q2. So I guess this suggests the outlook assumes no improvement or no worsening in the macro environment, if that’s the right way to think about it.

Steve Priest — Senior Vice President, Chief Financial Officer

Colin, good to speak. As you can imagine, we’ve been very deliberate in terms of how we’ve looked at the outlook for the remainder of 2022 based on this base of uncertain and challenged environment. I’d just like to — you’re correct in terms of your assumption as we go forward with regards to seasonality. So just as a reminder, as we talked about at our last earnings call, we do have a half one and half two underlying story for 2022 as we lap some of the significant tailwinds associated with COVID in 2021 in the first half as we go forward. But we — despite the — I suppose, at a macro level, we do see this overall softness driven by the macroeconomic environment, but we still expect the sort of seasonal shape of the GMV as we go forward.

Operator

For our next question, we have Eric Sheridan from Goldman Sachs.

Eric Sheridan — Goldman Sachs — Analyst

Two if I can, just following up on Colin and following up on the macro issue. Are you seeing different behaviors in the macro environment between your high-value buyers and low-value buyers? And would that inform any decisions of maybe accelerating some of the investments you want to make in terms of improving the skew of your buyer base as we go through 2022? That would be a sort of question number one. And then secondarily, you pointed out the gap between GMV and ads, which was quite wide. How should we think about that gap between ads outperformance relative to GMV beyond just what you reported in Q1 given against your innovation curve run ads longer term?

Jamie Iannone — President and Chief Executive Officer

Yes. Thanks, Eric. So look, when we think about the impact macro, it’s really across the board. We can look at, obviously, our own traffic and traffic of our competitors. And specifically in Europe or more so in Europe, really coincidental with the war, we saw the impact overall to the business. So there’s various movements. I would say last year with the pandemic, we moved some mid-value up into enthusiast buyers as we looked at the segments. But really, it’s kind of across the board, everyone’s energy prices are going up, more cost of fuel, inflation, etc. To your second question, we’re really happy with the performance of ads being at 19% above GMV this quarter. And we talked about kind of the growth that we’re seeing in the new products, although the large part of it is still our core product, which is the Promoted Listing standard. But continue to drive optimization, continue to drive adoption. We’re still in kind of the early stages of the new products on advertising.

Operator

For our next question, we have Tom Champion from Piper Sandler.

Tom Champion — Piper Sandler — Analyst

Jamie, maybe you could talk about the focused category growth of 9%. I think it was 15% previously. Can you help us interpret that in terms of ongoing sustainability?

Jamie Iannone — President and Chief Executive Officer

Yes. So a couple of things. One is really pleased to see that nine points faster growth in terms of the focus categories. We are lapping some stimulus from last year in our numbers. So that’s certainly a factor. And then over time, Tom, the math would say as we increase our coverage of focus categories, obviously, the delta will decrease just because of the math of more of the numerator being, the denominator as well. But as we look at this as a multiyear, the strategy that we laid out at Investor Day is right — is consistent, getting them to grow at or above market growth rates. What I’d say I’m really happy about this quarter is that we’re seeing the same type of deviation between focused categories in international that we saw in the U.S. in terms of their outperformance of the rest of the site. So we’ve been talking for a couple of quarters now about how international was more nascent, and we’re starting to see that traction in the focus categories. And we talked about some of the new launches that we’re seeing internationally.

Operator

For our next question, we have Deepak Mathivanan from Wolfe.

Deepak Mathivanan — Wolfe — Analyst

Great. Just sticking with the macro discussion. The five points lower revision on full year GMV guide, maybe can you elaborate a little bit on what signals you’re seeing now to arrive at the 500 basis point reduction? I mean a lot of uncertainty is still kind of ahead of us. So does this revised guide reflect what you’re seeing now? Or does this also factor in potential unfavorable trends in the second half? And then how should we think about your expectations for 2023 and 2024 based on the revised 2022 targets?

Steve Priest — Senior Vice President, Chief Financial Officer

Deepak, I’ll pick those up. As I mentioned on the previous question, we’ve been very thoughtful and deliberate about the ’22 guide as we look out for the remainder of the year and really reflecting what we see as ongoing macroeconomic challenges in the overall environment. I think I would pull it down to sort of three specific areas as you think and contemplate the guide that we put out. First, the continued negative economic impact of the terrible atrocities associated with the war in Ukraine, and our expectation that those negative impacts will continue through 2022. The other is, overall, the continued headwinds from the broader macro environment. You think about things like interest rates, fuel prices, energy costs that’s putting an additional pressure on the consumer and their discretionary spend. And we’re particularly seeing this in Europe, in a couple of our key markets in the U.K. and Germany, where we’re seeing consumer confidence at historic lows. And then we are also assuming as a third item, the expected continuation of the supply chain disruptions that we’ve seen for a number of quarters here that continues to put a drag on our international business. So when I think about those three areas, that’s what we’ve contemplated when we look in the macro environment, and we went forward to that 2022 guide. Beyond 2022, as you recall, we talked to the investor community back in March at our investor event, and we remain confident in our long-term guide. We see these issues as transitory. Our long-term guide contemplated mid-single-digit GMV growth. We remain confident in that. We continue to make the investments for the long-term future. You heard Jamie talk about the momentum that we’re seeing in our prepared comments. And so we certainly see that as a longer-term perspective as we now get these choppy waters in the near term.

Operator

For our next question, we have Stephen Ju from Credit Suisse.

Stephen Ju — Credit Suisse — Analyst

Okay. So Jamie, your commentary about expanding the authenticated brands and bags is interesting. Sounds like you’re not quite done going deeper into the category. And also kind of along with that, can you talk about how parts and accessories rollout proceed? I mean is it going to be a gradual rollout of a category-by-category, a model-by-model basis? And is there a similar opportunity to go deeper into watches as well? And I think also to follow up on Eric’s question earlier, I think throughout 2021, you’ve more than doubled the number of Promoted Listing sellers, but that’s still a minority percentage of the total sellers. I get that this is probably not appropriate for everybody, but what can you do to drive greater seller adoption? Is it just a matter of awareness? Or is there — does the product set needs to be expanded?

Jamie Iannone — President and Chief Executive Officer

Yes. Great question. So first, the way I think about the focused category is it’s not like we invest in the category and that we’re done. If you look at it, we’re still investing in sneakers, which we launched quite some time ago. So we continue to make innovations even in categories that we’ve launched. The category that you first brought up handbags, we expanded what we’re doing in authentication to the U.K. in a beta this quarter. We also expanded in the U.S. to men’s bags this quarter. So now currently authenticating in the U.S., U.K. and Australia. So that will be a continued playbook. I would say the same thing about parts and accessories is in addition to all the things we’re doing around consideration, we’re continuing to drive quarter-after-quarter new features, new capabilities for those categories. You mentioned watches at the end. That’s another category. Even though we launched authentication a couple of quarters back for watches, this quarter, we built a new capability, which is actually allowing buyers to pay for authentication if they want it for watches between $1,000 and $2,000. So it will be a continued evolution of focused categories as we launch new ones and continue to enhance them.

I’d say a couple of things about the collectibles category. I’m really excited by this quarter. A, our Vault is on track that we talked about at Investor Day and a lot of potential there to save, reauthenticating, shipping the products. On Monday, we announced a partnership with PSA. PSA is the most popular grader for trading cards, and now you can have your cards authenticated by PSA, over $2,000. And so like I said before, everything is kind of a continued evolution of enhancements to drive customer satisfaction. On your question on advertising, yes, we feel great. The thing that makes us feel great about the opportunity for more penetration is the ROAs that we continue to see. We have strong ROAS for our sellers. And so it’s obviously easiest to get the largest sellers to start using the product and drive that penetration first. But we’re, for example, launching a new unified listing experience, which has a great advertising inclusion. This quarter, we announced some optimization tools for our product listing advanced. And look, it took us five years to get the — to get the standard product to where it is today. So these things do take time to drive adoption, to drive optimization, but we feel like the suite of products that we launched is the right one.

Operator

For our next question, we have Ross Sandler from Barclays.

Ross Sandler — Barclays — Analyst

I just had two questions. First, can you remind us what cross-border GMV peaked at prepandemic compared to the 20% today? And you mentioned the new payment partnerships and this new wallet potentially getting that going in the future. So how material could that be? And I guess other than like some of the log jam clearing up in China outbound, what else can you do to crank up cross-border? And the second question is you normally have a downtick in 2Q operating margin seasonally. This one is a little bit more pronounced than normal. So just any color on those investment levels? Or is that just from some of the GMV weakness you were talking about previously?

Steve Priest — Senior Vice President, Chief Financial Officer

Ross, I’ll pick up the first item on cross-border. We’ve pretty steadily been — about 20% of our business has been from a cross-border standpoint as we’ve gone forward. We haven’t sort of seen any major change in that. Obviously, as we’ve gone through the supply chain challenges that we’ve been seeing over numerous quarters that we’ve talked about extensively, that has continued to put some additional pressure on that. Maybe I can just kick off on a few items on payments and then allow Jamie to sort of continue to address other items associated with that. I have to say I’ve been really taken by the exceptional execution the team has gone through over the last 18 to 24 months with the integration of the whole payments platform, and it gives us a great opportunity to continue to drive value for our shareholders as we go through that, whether that’s through faster payouts, buyer/seller FX, higher ASP items that we talked a lot about on our investor event that generates the $300 million as we go forward. The wallet, we’re really excited about, and that’s something we also talked about at the Investor Day. Jamie, do you want to just elaborate a little bit more from your perspective?

Jamie Iannone — President and Chief Executive Officer

Yes, Ross, I’m happy with our pace of innovation. So the Klarna deal that we announced, which we’ll be launching this quarter, actually allows us to accept forms of payments, which are very popular in Germany, which we’ve not been able to accept, primarily pay upon invoice and financing. And so that’s one component. Steve talked about the digital wallet, which is in beta now, which obviously helps us with the flywheel, also helps sellers because they can store a balance for their selling costs like shipping, etc. And then to your question on cross-border trade, we are doing things to help. They’re having somewhat of an impact, being able to forward deploy inventory through a partnership that we’ve done. But our cross-border trade elements, as Steve said, have been roughly steady.

Steve Priest — Senior Vice President, Chief Financial Officer

And then just to pick up with your question around sort of Q2 margins, there’s naturally an underlying seasonal impact that we sort of go through. But as we talked about on our last earnings call, we did expect Q2 would be our lowest margin for the year based on the phasing of our investments. As you can imagine, we are leaning in based on the macro environment to sort of shorter-term costs, but we are continuing to invest in product, full funnel marketing and making sure that the longer-term strategy stays on track. And so these are some of the dynamics at play with regard to our second quarter margin profile that you’ve heard about today.

Operator

Our next question, we have Dan Salmon from BMO Capital Markets.

Dan Salmon — BMO Capital Markets — Analyst

Jamie, you welcomed back Eddie Garcia in your prepared remarks, and that’s a change that’s happened since we last saw you all at the Investor Day. Could you elaborate maybe a little on the transition from Peter Thomson to him? And is there any new particular direction or the initiatives that you expect Eddie to lead as he takes over responsibility for your product, put a stamp on so to speak?

Jamie Iannone — President and Chief Executive Officer

Yes. With the departure of Pete in that transition, I went out and tried to find the absolute best product person in the world that I can find. Eddie has a really unique ability. He combines product UX and technology like no other executive that I’ve met. And importantly, too, he has a decade of background with eBay, which is extremely valuable to come in and really hit the ground running. And he’s already started. I think he’s on day eight today, and is doing a great job. So really excited to have him here. I would say no, nothing changes in terms of the product road map. He’s got a great team of leaders underneath him. We have a strong organization, and the road map is very solid for the year. I mean if I just look at payments as an example, this quarter, they announced a deal with Klarna at Investor Day. They’re about to launch it. They launched a new capability to do buyer FX, so the buyers could pay in their local currency. They’ve made enhancements and ramped up stored value, all of that within a single quarter. So I’m happy with our pace of innovation across the board. I’m just thrilled that Eddie could be part of the leadership team and help us push forward on the tech-led reimagination.

Operator

Our next question comes from the line of Richard Kramer from Arete Research.

Richard Kramer — Arete Research — Analyst

Jamie, you’ve — sorry, there’s a big echo here. Jamie, you mentioned quite a bit about the focused strategy and laying that out, but still seems to leave eBay vulnerable to vertical sites in specific categories, which have some social or community hosting to engage users. How far might you see stores evolving to allow them to have their own maybe brands or IDs and try to engage users in more ways than simply buying? And Steve, I guess, the other question, if you look at the guidance for six to seven points of upside from payments and ads, is that simply lapping the payment saturation or completions? Or do you imply some sort of slowing of ads growth over the course of the year despite all these new formats you mentioned?

Jamie Iannone — President and Chief Executive Officer

Yes, Richard, great question. I’ll take the first one, and Steve should take the second. So absolutely, one of the benefits that eBay has versus any vertical-specific marketplace is our scale, the fact that we can get buyers to buy cross-category, that we can acquire them at a lower cost. And if you look at, let’s say, a parts and accessories buyer, they’re going to come in and buy $1,200 in parts and accessories but then $1,500 elsewhere on the site. But we are leaning into the areas that you’re talking about. How do we make it easier for buyers and sellers to transact on the marketplace? How do we build retention between them? So I’d point to a couple of things that we’ve launched in the last few quarters. The first is our new member-to-member messaging system. It’s very simple and easy to use. It’s chat-like interface, very familiar for a Gen Z customer to interact between a buyer and seller. And that’s a huge improvement over the legacy products that we’ve had out there for a long time. We’ve been opening up the ability for couponing and reaching back out to interested buyers on the platform that have transacted with you. And really, the — as you talk about, stores is really the opportunity to let sellers build a brand and communicate with buyers. So this quarter, we launched the new storefront on — for our eBay store sellers. We actually improved the ability for them to drive more SEO via their stores in the platform. We’ve added video into the stores platform. So now you can tell your story about an eBay seller, and that’s very appealing. And we’ll continue to build more of those features to improve the interactions between buyers and sellers because it’s one of the very unique capabilities of eBay, is that vast army of sellers that we have, helping drive retention in buyers and helping drive engagement there. So great question. Steve, do you want to take the second part?

Steve Priest — Senior Vice President, Chief Financial Officer

Yes. Richard, I think you’re talking about the six point delta between the FX-neutral GMV and FX-neutral revenue. I’d say there’s three dynamics at play. Number one, you’re right, we’re sort of lapping through the completion of managed payments as we’ve transitioned from ’21 to ’22. So we see less of a tailwind associated with that. But on the flip side, the other two items is the continued momentum with regards to the investments we were making in both payments with some of the items that Jamie talked about earlier in terms of the execution from the team and what’s being driven associated with that, and then the continued success in the ads platform. As we mentioned in the first quarter, ads was growing at 19 points faster than GMV. So it’s really the combination of those three factors that I’ve talked about that gets the implied guide going forward.

Operator

For our next question, we have John Blackledge from Cowen.

John Blackledge — Cowen — Analyst

Great. Two questions. First, could you expand a bit on how the trading card segment performed in the first quarter? And how does the launch of the Vault trading card and overall collection business? And then second, which e-commerce verticals were the biggest headwinds in GMV, perhaps the toughest comps in 1Q and 2Q?

Jamie Iannone — President and Chief Executive Officer

Yes. So I’d say on trading cards, what we said in there is that we’re obviously lapping kind of the massive stimulus that we saw last year. We’re settling out at twice the level of GMV that we were beforehand. And we’re really kind of leaning in to fuel the growth in trading cards. So to your question on Vault, the beauty of the Vault is a lot of — for a lot of collectors, it’s not something that they need to have around their house. They want to be able to trade. And you could see trades happening in the middle of the game where the rookie all of a sudden is on fire, and people want to start trading that. That trade becomes really seamless when it sits inside the Vault. It’s authenticated on the way in. It doesn’t have to be shipped anywhere, validated, etc. And so you could see these billions of dollars of inventory, we could start to drive turns on that on a much more rapid basis. So we’re excited by that. We’re also excited by the grading partnership that we announced on Monday, which complements what we’ve been doing for ungraded cards over $750 because it builds more authenticity and trust into what we’re doing from a trading cards perspective. So that builds on top of last year’s launches that we had like the improved shipping labels, the computer vision that we’re working on in that category, etc. So really excited by that. When I look at the rest of the categories, watches continues to be strong. We sustained double-digit growth on top of last year’s strong growth rate. We’ve been able to remonetize sneakers and keep the momentum in that category. Strong growth in handbags as well. And we talked about some of those announcements in the business. So across the board, I think we are — the strategy that we have is working. We’re seeing the change in customer satisfaction and the change of the business and the deviation that these categories are able to create. And then we’re starting to see that expand internationally.

Joe Billante — Vice President Investor Relations

Operator, we’ve got time for one more.

Operator

And for our last question, we will have Justin Post from Bank of America.

Justin Post — Bank of America — Analyst

Just a couple of questions. There’s been a lot of write-downs in the group. And obviously, the e-commerce group is under pressure. You have the advantage of really strong cash flow. How are you thinking about the asset opportunities, bringing things into eBay? And then second, just on the U.S. GMV. It was down quarter-over-quarter, which has happened in the past. Did you see a slowdown there related to Ukraine as well and — or gas price is a factor?

Jamie Iannone — President and Chief Executive Officer

Yes. So on the first one, we continue to look at build, buy and partner in those opportunities. We talked about Sneaker Con at the Investor Day and why we did that and how it made sense to accelerate our focus and what we were doing in that category. And we continue to look at opportunities that we think will help push that further in terms of new features, new functionality or new audience. But we do look at it as a build, buy and partner. So a great example is what we announced on Monday, which is a partnership with the most popular grading to really build an opportunity to tie that closely into the best marketplace that exists for trading cards on eBay. So we’ll continue to be opportunistic across all of those different elements as we go forward as long as they align with the strategy and we think create value for shareholders. On the international versus GMV, I’ll start off. And then, Steve, you can jump in. Clearly, a more profound effect in our international business. When I talk to our eBayers in the U.K., they’re getting their April energy bills and they are multiple of what they were before. So definitely more of an impact, but definitely an impact across the whole world, including our U.S. business. Do you want to expand?

Steve Priest — Senior Vice President, Chief Financial Officer

Yes, I’ll just give a little bit of extra color. I think when we bifurcate what we’ve seen between international and the U.S. in terms of consumer sentiment, U.S. and U.K. consumer sentiment is at pretty much historic based on what we’ve seen. But as you can imagine, some of this is percolated over to the U.S. in terms of inflation going up, higher prices and also the inflation that’s going forward. So the U.S. is not immune to this. It’s more — we saw in the first quarter some deeper penetration challenges in the European business. But I think it’s a fair comment just in that there has been some slowdown. And as we go further forward during 2022, at a macro level, you can sort of see that implied in our guidance and go forward.

Operator

[Operator Closing Remarks]

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