Categories Earnings Call Transcripts, Other Industries

United Parcel Service, Inc. (UPS) Q1 2021 Earnings Call Transcript

UPS Earnings Call - Final Transcript

United Parcel Service, Inc. (NYSE: UPS) Q1 2021 earnings call dated Apr. 27, 2021

Corporate Participants:

Scott Childress — Investor Relations Officer

Carol B. Tome — Chief Executive Officer

Brian Newman — Chief Financial Officer

Analysts:

Ravi Shanker — Morgan Stanley — Analyst

Allison Landry — Credit Suisse — Analyst

Chris Wetherbee — Citi — Analyst

Tom Wadewitz — UBS — Analyst

Amit Mehrotra — Deutsche Bank — Analyst

Allison Poliniak — Wells Fargo — Analyst

Scott Group — Wolfe Research — Analyst

Ken Hoexter — Bank of America — Analyst

Brian Ossenbeck — JPMorgan — Analyst

Jordan Alliger — Goldman Sachs — Analyst

Scott Schneeberger — Oppenheimer — Analyst

Helane Becker — Cowen — Analyst

Brandon Oglenski — Barclays — Analyst

Jairam Nathan — Daiwa — Analyst

Todd Fowler — KeyBanc Capital Markets — Analyst

David Vernon — Bernstein — Analyst

Presentation:

Operator

Good morning. My name is Stephen, and I will be your conference facilitator today. I would like to welcome everyone to the UPS Investor Relations First Quarter 2021 Earnings Conference Call.

[Operator Instructions] It is now my pleasure to turn the floor over to your host, Mr. Scott Childress, Investor Relations Officer. Sir, the floor is yours.

Scott Childress — Investor Relations Officer

Good morning, and welcome to the UPS first quarter 2021 earnings call. Joining me today are Carol Tome, our CEO; and Brian Newman, our CFO.

Before we begin, I want to remind you that some of the comments we’ll make today are forward-looking statements within the Federal Securities Laws and address our expectation for the future performance or operating results of our company. These statements are subject to risk and uncertainty, which are described in detail in our 2020 Form 10-K and other reports we file with the Securities and Exchange Commission. These reports, when filed, are available on the UPS Investor Relations website and from the SEC.

For the first quarter of 2021, GAAP results include a net benefit of $2.4 billion or $2.70 per diluted share, comprised of an after-tax mark-to-market pension benefit of $2.5 billion and an after-tax transformation and other charges of $140 million. The mark-to-market pension benefit was primarily driven by the enactment of the American Rescue Plan Act, the resulting elimination of our balance sheet liability related to the Central States Pension Fund as well as the remeasurement of the UPS IBT Pension plan at the current discount rate. Together, these reduced our pension liability by $6.4 billion.

Unless stated otherwise, our comments will refer to adjusted results, which exclude the mark-to-market pension benefit and transformation and other charges.

The webcast of today’s call, along with the reconciliation of non-GAAP financial measures, are available on the UPS Investor Relations website.

Following our prepared remarks, we will take questions from those joining via the teleconference. [Operator Instructions] And now, I’ll turn the call over to Carol.

Carol B. Tome — Chief Executive Officer

Thank you, Scott, and good morning, everyone. We are now more than a year into the COVID-19 pandemic, which drove enormous change to how we all live and conduct business. I want to thank our more than 540,000 UPSers for continuing to deliver what matters, and for serving our customers, communities and each other.

Looking at the first quarter, our results exceeded our expectations, driven by an improving macro environment and great execution by our team.

Consolidated revenue in the quarter rose 27% from last year to $22.9 billion, and operating profit grew 164% to $2.9 billion. All of our business segments delivered strong performance in the first quarter.

We reported record profits and a double-digit operating margin in our U.S. Domestic segment, record first quarter profit in our International segment and record operating profit and operating margin in Supply Chain and Freight.

As shown in our results, our team is advancing our Customer First, People Led, innovation-driven strategy under the better, not bigger framework. As we’ve discussed, Customer First is about building capabilities that matter the most to our customers and using those capabilities to capture the best opportunities in the market, like small and medium-sized businesses and health care.

In the U.S., the improvements we made last year and continue to make this year to speed up our ground network, enhance our digital access program known as DAP, and expand weekend operations, well, these are taking hold. In fact, during the first quarter, we added nearly 150,000 new DAP accounts, and we are well on our way to hitting our $1 billion DAP revenue target by the end of this year.

Further, in the U.S., total average daily volume growth for SMBs, including our platform businesses, reached an all-time high of 35.6%, outpacing the growth rate of our larger customers for the third consecutive quarter. This mix improvement and certain other revenue quality actions are delivering results, with U.S. domestic revenue per piece up 10.2% in the first quarter.

Looking at our International segment. We were able to meet elevated customer demand by leveraging the agility of our network. Export volume grew double digits in all regions. Commercial volume increased 10.1% and SMB average daily volume was up 23% in the first quarter, and we see even more opportunity moving ahead as we expand DAP and other solutions to key international markets.

During the quarter, our Supply Chain & Freight segment responded well to market demands. We are on track to complete the divestiture of our UPS Freight business by the end of this month, and we look forward to our new commercial relationship with TFI.

Our focus on the customer includes improving the end-to-end experience. In other words, improving the experience from the shipper to the receiver as both our customers. We’ve identified a number of customer journeys and candidly pain points that we are addressing.

Let me give you an example. Until recently, paying a UPS bill online was a poor customer experience. So we replaced our old homegrown system with a new SaaS application, which we began deploying globally in the first quarter. Once fully implemented, our industry-leading billing solution will make it easy for nearly 2 million global customers to pay and manage their UPS bills. This will be particularly helpful for our SMB customers.

Our customer-first aspiration is to provide the best digital experience powered by our smart provide the best digital experience powered by our smart global logistics network. A simplified billing experience is one aspect of this aspiration.

Another is the digitization that’s occurring within our Supply Chain and Freight segment. We are moving from telephone-based quotes to online quoting. This new digital experience is driving simplification across the entire value chain. We’ll talk more about our efforts to improve our customers’ experiences during our June Investor and Analyst Day.

We know that our customers place high value on the reliability of the UPS network. That’s why we led the market by reinstating our service guarantees for U.S. Next-day Air Services and Worldwide Express Services for all origins and destinations. We intend to be the carrier that shippers and receivers can count on for reliable delivery.

And as it relates to COVID-19 vaccine, our global expertise, technology and network are enabling us to move vaccines, kits and dry ice over great distances around the world.

As of last week, we have delivered more than 1.1 million shipments, about 196 million vaccine doses to about 50 countries and territories. and utilized our UPS Premier Service to achieve 99.9% on-time delivery.

The combination of our efforts to remove friction in the customer experience, provide the digital capabilities that matter most and deliver industry-leading service levels are positioning us for future growth. Further, as we’ve discussed, market demand is outpacing industry supply and we expect this dynamic to continue for the foreseeable future.

GDP forecasts are being revised higher, economies are reopening, and U.S. consumer spending is being boosted by government stimulus programs. This demand/supply imbalance creates an environment where pricing in the industry should remain firm.

Brian will cover more of our economic outlook in his remarks.

People Led is an important part of our strategy. Our success in the first quarter was due to the commitment of our people and the strength of our culture. Every UPSer has a role to play in supporting our customers. We’ve hired a lot of new UPSers, so we know we need to focus on employee safety and training.

In the U.S., we have reimagined our Driver Safety program by truly taking it on the road. We’ve created mobile units that can be rapidly deployed across the country. These units provide classroom training and a learning lab within movable trailers.

Our mobile training, along with other vehicle safety technologies, are making a difference. So far this year, we’ve improved auto accident frequency by 2.1% globally. And we will continue to advance our employee safety programs around the world.

Moving to Innovation Driven. Over the past several years, we have invested in automation, introduced new technology and open new facilities. We are now starting to reap productivity benefits from these investments. The additional flexibility we’ve gained in the network enables us to be more responsive to changes in demand and be more efficient. In fact, in the first quarter compared to last year, productivity improved in nearly all major operating categories. But we have more to do. We aim to make productivity a virtuous cycle, not just a transformation project. We are laser-focused on operational excellence. And we’ll share more details about our efforts here during our conference.

Let me take a moment to touch on one of our five core principles, which is maintaining a strong balance sheet and credit rating. We have made great strides in this area by reducing financial leverage and improving shareowners’ equity.

Brian will share the details on this in a moment.

Our strategy is gaining traction and we see even more opportunities ahead. We look forward to sharing the details with you at our upcoming Investor and Analyst Day.

And now I’ll turn the call over to Brian.

Brian Newman — Chief Financial Officer

Thanks, Carol, and good morning. In my comments today, I will cover four areas, starting with macroeconomic trends, then our first quarter results. Next, I’ll review cash and shareowner returns. And lastly, I’ll wrap up with some comments on our outlook and the new Pension Reform law.

Okay. Let’s start with the macro and how it is projected to unfold. Global GDP in the first quarter is expected to finish up 3.5% and U.S. GDP is expected to be up 0.2%. Both have shown significant improvement over the fourth quarter of 2020. Key economic indicators continue to support a strong recovery in 2021.

Forecasts are moving higher based on three factors: First is the progress with the global vaccine rollout. Second is a low U.S. inventory to sales ratio, which ran between 1.4 and 1.5 for the three years prior to COVID and is currently down about 18% from historic averages at a time when a number of economies are starting to reopen. And third is the passage of the most recent U.S. government stimulus.

According to IHS, for the full year, global GDP is now expected to grow 5.3% and U.S. GDP is expected to grow 6.2%. In the U.S., full year nominal retail sales are anticipated to grow 11.7% and electronic sales and mail orders, the proxy we use for online sales, are expected to be up 12.7%, following growth of 24.7% in 2020.

The outlook for the commercial side of the U.S. economy is also encouraging. Full year industrial production is forecasted to grow 6.5% on a year-over-year basis. We view these projections as favorable for our company and expect the imbalance between market demand and industry capacity to continue, as Carol mentioned.

Moving to our first quarter performance. Consolidated revenue increased 27% to $22.9 billion. Operating profit totaled $2.9 billion, 164% higher than last year. Consolidated operating margin expanded to 12.9%, which is our best consolidated margin in 18 quarters, and diluted earnings per share was up $2.77, up 141% from the same period last year.

Now let’s take a look at the segments. In U.S. Domestic, our success was due to a combination of our revenue quality initiatives and the impact of our productivity efforts running the network. Average daily volume increased 12.8% year-over-year to a total of 20.4 million packages per day.

Additionally, mix continued to be positive. SMB volume growth, including platforms, accelerated for the fourth consecutive quarter, reaching 35.6% and accounted for 63% of our total average daily volume increase. Both SMBs and our larger customers grew residential shipments across air and ground products. Overall, B2C shipments increased 23.8% year-over-year. Conversely, B2B average daily volume declined 0.6% year-over-year.

Health care and automotive remain bright spots and delivered mid-single-digit B2B growth, yet they were unable to offset weakness in other commercial segments.

Total B2B volume strengthened late in the quarter with March turning positive. For the quarter, U.S. Domestic generated revenue of $14 billion, up 22.3%, driven by average daily volume growth and improvements in revenue per piece. We were extremely pleased with our revenue quality efforts, which were driven by strong SMB average daily volume growth and demand-related surcharges. As a result of our actions, reported revenue per piece grew 10.2% year-over-year with ground revenue per piece up 12.5%.

Turning to costs. Expenses were up 13.5%. Cost per piece rose 2.2%, driven primarily by two factors: our fastest ground ever and weekend initiatives and planned benefit expense increases.

Nando and his team did an outstanding job transitioning the network from fourth quarter peak back into nonpeak operations. This enabled us to control unnecessary costs and make productivity improvements across the network.

And building on Carol’s comments about reducing accident frequency, our efforts to prevent incidents through additional safety training, technology and analytics enabled lower-than-expected casualty self-insurance costs in the first quarter. Most notably in the quarter, revenue growth was significantly above expense growth, which generated positive operating leverage.

So in summary, the U.S. Domestic segment delivered $1.5 billion in operating profit, an increase of $1.1 billion or 265% compared to last year, and operating margin expanded to 10.4%.

Moving over to International. The results were excellent, and our performance demonstrates the flexibility of our network to match global air capacity with demand. Volume growth was very strong, with total average daily volume up 23.1%. We saw growth across customer segments with both larger customers and SMBs growing over 20%.

To support outbound Asia demand, we added 25% more flights and even more in terms of capacity because of our 747-8 capabilities. Asia export volume was up 43%, Europe exports were up 27.7%. And overall, total exports grew 26.2% on a year-over-year basis.

B2C average daily volume grew 77.6%, while B2B was up 10.1% driven by the retail, high-tech and automotive sectors. For the quarter, International revenue was up 36.2% to $4.6 billion, with all regions growing revenue over 20%. We generated strong operating leverage in the quarter with revenue per piece of 12.3% and cost per piece up 2.7% year-over-year.

For the first quarter, International delivered operating of $1.1 billion, an increase of 95.5% and operating margin expanded to 23.7%.

Looking at Supply Chain & Freight. Revenue increased 34.3% to $4.3 billion, and the segment generated record profit and operating margin. Market demand was elevated and nearly all business units had revenue and profit growth.

Forwarding led the way, driven by strong growth on the outbound Asia lane for both air and ocean. And health care activities delivered the highest top and bottom-line growth ever.

Growth was broad-based from biopharma and biologics as well as implantable medical device and lab customers, all while providing near perfect service during the quarter for COVID-19 vaccine deliveries.

In the first quarter, Supply Chain & Freight generated operating profit of $395 million and operating margin was 9.2%.

Walking through the rest of the income statement, we had $177 million of interest expense. Other pension income was $313 million. And lastly, our effective tax rate came in at 21.6% due to discrete items.

Now let’s turn to cash and shareowner returns. Our focus on bottom line results drove strong cash flow in the quarter. We generated $4.5 billion in cash from operations. Free cash flow for the period was $3.7 billion, a 130% increase year-over-year. And lastly, so far this year, UPS has distributed $938 million in dividends.

Moving to our outlook for 2021. We recognize there is still uncertainty ahead related to the pandemic and other factors that could interrupt the recovery, so we are not providing revenue or diluted earnings per share guidance at this time.

As Carol mentioned, we expect the sale of UPS Freight to close during the second quarter, and today, we are reaffirming our capital allocation plans. To that end, we still expect capital expenditures to be about $4 billion. We have no plans to repurchase shares at this time, and our effective tax rate for the remainder of the year is expected to be around 23.5%.

We repaid $1.5 billion of long-term debt maturities in the first quarter. And in early April, we repaid another $1 billion in debt, achieving our 2021 target of $2.5 billion in debt repayment.

And lastly, on March 11, the American Rescue Plan Act was signed into law. This law protects certain multiemployer pension plans from becoming insolvent through 2051. And, in turn, eliminates our balance sheet liability for potential coordinating benefits Central States Pension Fund. The passage of the law triggered us to remeasure the UPS IBT Pension plan at current discount rates, which have significantly increased since year-end. The result was a $6.4 billion reduction in our pension liability. Additional information is available in the Appendix section of today’s earnings presentation.

As Carol mentioned, a strong balance sheet is a core UPS principle, and we are absolutely moving in a positive direction. The reduction in pension liability and debt repayments have reduced our long-term obligations by $7.9 billion. Combined with our improving business performance, our leverage ratios have significantly improved.

In closing, we are laser-focused on executing our strategy and look forward to sharing more with you at our June 9 Investor and Analyst Day. Thank you. And operator, please open the lines.

Questions and Answers:

Operator

Thank you. [Operator Instructions] Our first question will come from the line of Ravi Shanker of Morgan Stanley. Please go ahead.

Ravi Shanker — Morgan Stanley — Analyst

Thank you. Good morning, everyone. Carol, looking ahead to the June 9 Analyst Day, can you share a little more color on how Transformation 3.0 is going, kind of what are some of the categories and buckets that you’ve outlined there? And if the cost savings part of that program can get up to the kind of 8% of the cost base that you saw in Transformation 2.0? Thank you.

Carol B. Tome — Chief Executive Officer

Thanks, Ravi, for your question. We’re looking forward to the June Investor and Analyst Day, where we will give you much more color on our forward-looking outlook, including what we’re doing from a productivity perspective.

As we think about productivity, we really want to move away from an event, in other words, a transformation event, to actually a virtuous cycle. And we’re starting that, as you see in our results in the first quarter. If you look at our operating performance, we drove productivity in nearly every operating category.

And when I think about productivity in the business, it’s really about packages per hour. We had improvement in packages per hour in our sort, in our feeder, in our hub operations. We saw productivity in our delivery. Our route density improved year-on-year, driven in large part by our ORION technology.

SO we’re going to give you lot more color as to what we’re doing to drive productivity in the business at our Investor Day.

One more comment on productivity, and that relates to non-operations, when you refer to that, Brian, as Transformation 2.0. And at the beginning of the year, we told you we were teaching now $500 million of expense in our non-operations area. We’re well down the path in that regard. We are on plan, and we will deliver that result by the end of the year.

Operator

Our next question will come from the line of Allison Landry of Credit Suisse. Please go ahead.

Allison Landry — Credit Suisse — Analyst

Good morning. Thanks. Just in terms of Domestic margins, if I sort of apply normal sequential trend to the Q1, $10.4 million for the balance of the year, so Q2 to Q4, seems to imply a full year segment margin in the 11.5% range. So I’m curious, is that the right way to think about it? And if not, what are some of the potential cost or mix headwinds that might be a sequential drag during the remaining quarters of the year? Thank you.

Brian Newman — Chief Financial Officer

Hey, Allison, it’s Brian. I’ll take that. So the one caveat to your question is, I’d be careful about applying history to the future. And the reason I say that is that, historically, we’ve taken quite a bit of time to get the peak cost from November, December out of the Domestic business. Nando and the U.S. operating team did a very good job this year planning for it and pulling those costs out quite quickly. So the CPP growth was only 2% and RPP was over 10%. So you had an 8-point spread. We’re confident that Domestic margin is expanding this year. I would just be careful about extrapolating history to the future.

Allison Landry — Credit Suisse — Analyst

Okay. Great. Thank you.

Brian Newman — Chief Financial Officer

Thanks, Allison.

Operator

Our next question will come from the line of Chris Wetherbee of Citi. Please go ahead.

Chris Wetherbee — Citi — Analyst

Yeah, hey. Thanks. Good morning. Maybe I could pick up on that last point. Brian, so CPP plus 2%. I guess, productivity is going into that. did a really good job with cost controls as well. How sustainable is that level of cost per piece increase going forward? Obviously, we understand what’s going on with the pricing environment. But with volume decelerating, are you going to be able to maintain that level of cost control?

Brian Newman — Chief Financial Officer

Thanks, Chris. Look, the — taking out of the temporary labor, the rentals, which we returned on an accelerated basis, those were a lot of the reasons, Chris, we were able to do to limit the growth of CPP to 2%. As Carol mentioned, there’s a lot that goes into our costs. It’s a combination of non-op and operating. We’re going to continue to drive leverage throughout the system.

Is 2% the number going forward? We’re going to have more of a conversation about that in June. So I won’t talk as much about the future, but we were pleased with the performance in the quarter and confident in our ability to continue operating leverage going forward.

Chris Wetherbee — Citi — Analyst

All right. Thanks.

Brian Newman — Chief Financial Officer

Thanks.

Operator

Our next question will come from the line of Tom Wadewitz of UBS. Please go ahead, sir.

Tom Wadewitz — UBS — Analyst

Yes. Good morning. Just another question for you on Domestic margin. I think that’s been a key point of debate. And obviously, you gave us a lot of good news to work with in the first quarter results. How do you think about what the most important year-over-year drivers were for that improvement? So B2B, I guess, was flat, but that’s better than you’ve seen. Pricing was strong. I think you got some of the cost takeout from the $500 million program. But what do you think was most important year-over-year? And how do you think about the key drivers, whether you’re kind of early in those or whether you’re just kind of how much runway you have left on those key drivers of domestic improvement? Thank you.

Carol B. Tome — Chief Executive Officer

Well, maybe I’ll start, Brian, and then turn it over to you. You’ve heard us talk about our better, not bigger framework. And that’s really about optimizing the network. And you saw that take hold in the first quarter with over 63% of our average daily volume growth in the United States driven by small- and- medium-sized businesses. That was a large contributor to the growth in RPP in the quarter. And when you have a 10% growth in RPP, well, you’re going to leverage the bottom line, and we did just that.

So optimizing the network and leaning in to those opportunities of growth that — candidly, the revenue quality is better for us, our customers like the offering, the end-to-end network that we present to them. That’s really laying the future for our growth going forward. Coupled with health care, those two growth opportunities are a winning combination.

We saw the same opportunity outside the United States too, with great SMB growth, 23% in our International business. So optimizing the network, leaning in to those areas of growth that are most attractive to us and winning in those areas certainly was a big part of the value equation, and it will be a big part of the value equation going forward.

But you have to have productivity as well. We want productivity to be a virtuous cycle here. Every day, we should run a better business. And that’s what we’re doing from a cost-out perspective.

You might just talk about casualty and the real impact that casualty had in the quarter.

Brian Newman — Chief Financial Officer

Yes, Tom, so we saw a benefit in casualty. It was about $90 million relative to prior year. And we’re really focused on the accident. Some of that was lapping at some Tier 3 accidents last Q1. But as Carol mentioned, we’re leveraging technology, telematics, to go after the auto frequency and severity challenge that has been in the industry.

Additionally, workers’ comp, that’s the other piece that goes into casualty. That’s driven by systemic turnover and training and the teams are really going about our arduous effort to attack that. So those trends don’t turn overnight, but we’re seeing some demonstrated improvement.

Operator

Our next question will come from the line of Amit Mehrotra of Deutsche Bank. Please go ahead.

Amit Mehrotra — Deutsche Bank — Analyst

Thanks. Just on productivity. What was the net productivity number in domestic relative to the $500 million of nonoperating savings? And then just, Carol, on the SMB point, I think SMB growth is just so key to the revenue quality initiatives that you and UPS have. You’ve obviously invested a lot in Time in Transit, Fastest Ground Ever. Just in that context, how do you see the service products stacking up versus your main competitor after these investments in Fastest Ground Ever? And wondering if you just see the need to further invest in something like direct Sunday delivery outside of the USPS postal injection and what kind of cost or fixed cost absorption issues that has if you decide to go that route? Pun intended, I guess.

Carol B. Tome — Chief Executive Officer

Yeah. So I’ll take the latter part of the question. So our customers are responding to the investments that we made last year to speed up our Time in Transit. But there is no finish line here. So we continue to invest in Time in Transit. We are expanding our weekend deliveries. Our Saturday coverage will increase to 90% of the U.S. population by October. And we’ll go through the details of this at our June Investor Day. But to let you know what we’re doing, because we’re increasing our weekend delivery because our customers are demanding that.

We love our SurePost product. SurePost was about 36% of the ADB growth in the first quarter. But the cool thing about SurePost is that 41% of that product was redirected back into the UPS network, which allows us to get delivery density. So that’s a great way to think about how we can grow Sunday. So we’ll be expanding our Sunday deliveries as well. And we really look forward — we don’t have enough time this morning, but we really look forward to the June investor conference, because we’re going to talk to you about how by expanding our network across seven days we can actually eliminate some of the lumpiness in the network in the middle of the week. And the lumpiness in the network in the middle of the week is causing some of the productivity deleverage that we see in our business. And if we can flatten out the demand, we can really get some great productivity. So we’ll walk you through that algorithm at our June Investor Day.

Brian Newman — Chief Financial Officer

And on the topic of cost takeout, we spent roughly $6 billion in non-op we committed in 2021 and take $500 million out. That’s a start. There will be more next year. We — in the first quarter, we took $80 million of the $500 million out, which is exactly on our plan. So we’re tracking to deliver that $500 million associated. The big driver of that was about 1,700 headcount that have participated in the VSSP, the Voluntary Severance Separation Program. So we’re on-track and committed to the $500 million.

Carol B. Tome — Chief Executive Officer

And the cool thing about leveraging the seven-day network is that it’s capital-light, isn’t it?

Brian Newman — Chief Financial Officer

Yes.

Carol B. Tome — Chief Executive Officer

Yeah, we’ll put some expense into the network. We’ll have to have some more drivers. We’ll have to have some more operators, some more package cards. But it’s pretty capital-light. I like that.

Brian Newman — Chief Financial Officer

Different type of investment.

Carol B. Tome — Chief Executive Officer

Yes, it’s different. It’s like a different line item on the income statement rather than a depreciation expense coming off of capital. It’s on the operations expense. And we can lever that all day long to get the right revenue quality.

Amit Mehrotra — Deutsche Bank — Analyst

Love it. Thanks, guys. Congrats on the good quarter. Appreciate it.

Brian Newman — Chief Financial Officer

Thanks.

Operator

Our next question will come from the line of Allison Poliniak of Wells Fargo. Please go ahead.

Allison Poliniak — Wells Fargo — Analyst

Morning. Just want to touch on International, clearly benefiting from the macro. But would you expand a bit more on the internal efforts to grab more of that white space in the international markets? I think you called out SMB specifically in International. Maybe early days. But trying to understand how you think of those internal initiatives evolving through the year in International. Any thoughts there?

Carol B. Tome — Chief Executive Officer

Yes. We’re just scratching the surface on what we could do from a growth perspective without putting a lot of capital into the International business by creating what we have in the United States, which is the Digital Access Platform. We’re very excited about introducing that into our international businesses. We really aren’t there today. But our customers in the U.S. want to sell through this platform outside the United States. So we’ll be investing that in a major gateway. And there are a number of other efforts underway, Allison. But I hate to keep kicking the can down to June, but we’re going to have Scott talk about all this at the June Investor Conference. So hold type for a little bit, and we’ll give you more color.

Allison Poliniak — Wells Fargo — Analyst

Great. Thank you.

Operator

Our next question will come from the line of Scott Group of Wolfe Research. Please go ahead.

Scott Group — Wolfe Research — Analyst

Hey, thanks. Morning. So I want to ask about some of the revenue drivers. So the volume just gets so funky going forward. Maybe can you give us some thoughts on April B2C and B2B volume trends? And how are you thinking about overall volumes in the second quarter, U.S. and International?

And then just with that, right, the B2B, B2C mix should be meaningfully positive, you would think, going forward. So does that drive the RPP growth even higher on a year-over-year basis going forward? Thank you.

Brian Newman — Chief Financial Officer

Thanks, Scott. So I’ll take it. From a trend perspective, April is off to a good start. And your point about B2C and B2B, we’re comping down 22% last year in the second quarter in terms of B2B. So we would expect the commercial side of the business to come back. In the first quarter, it was still down 0.6% in the U.S. But in the month of March, it was actually up 8%. So there were signs of light that it was coming back domestically. Internationally, we actually posted plus 10% on the B2B side in the first quarter.

So as we think about the next quarter, the comps in the U.S. down 22% gives us reason to believe that the commercial side will come back. And obviously, our density in our commercial side of the business is more attractive than the residential side. So that will be another positive.

Carol B. Tome — Chief Executive Officer

And as you build your model, I think it’s just important, given the year-over-year comparisons and the funkiness of the volume, just expect revenue to grow faster than volumes.

Scott Group — Wolfe Research — Analyst

But do you have any color, are B2C volumes, up, down, overall volumes up, down? Any color you can give us would be great.

Carol B. Tome — Chief Executive Officer

B2C volumes are up.

Brian Newman — Chief Financial Officer

They are. Yeah.

Scott Group — Wolfe Research — Analyst

Great. Thank you, guys.

Brian Newman — Chief Financial Officer

Thanks.

Operator

Our next question will come from the line of Ken Hoexter of Bank of America. Please go ahead.

Ken Hoexter — Bank of America — Analyst

Hi, great. Congrats and good morning. So just maybe a little bit on that future growth. I guess, just to clarify that last comment there, Carol. So you’re still expecting positive growth against — despite the up 25% kind of — or double-digit growth in Ground and Export for the rest of the year? Just to clarify that last point.

And then focusing on International a bit. Maybe your thoughts, are you starting to see Europe rebound at all given the lockdowns? Or is that more still just B2C still growing there because of the lockdowns and not yet seeing that B2B rebound?

Brian Newman — Chief Financial Officer

So Ken, maybe I’ll take the first part and Carol can handle the second. From a growth perspective, just picking up on the last comment, yes, we expect positive growth, maybe not the 14% ADB we saw in the first quarter, but certainly positive growth.

Carol B. Tome — Chief Executive Officer

And on the International side, as we talked about, our Export business was in all geographies outside of the United States. As it relates to Europe itself, we had outstanding export volume in the 20%. And our European business is the biggest part of our export business, making up over 60% of our Export business. So Europe really matters to our International performance.

I might just comment on the U.K., it’s really interesting what we’re seeing in the U.K. Our Domestic U.K. business is quite strong. Our Export business out of the U.K. is great, export outside of the intercontinent. But there’s been some Brexit disruption, candidly, that we’ve had to work through. We’re not alone. Everybody has tried to work through the Brexit disruption, U.K. to the intercontinent.

Operator

Our next question will come from the line of Brian Ossenbeck of JPMorgan. Please go ahead.

Brian Ossenbeck — JPMorgan — Analyst

Hey, good morning. Thanks for taking the question. Just wanted to go back to productivity for a second. I know, last quarter, you mentioned delivery density was a bit of a headwind. Clearly, the mix is starting to improve. This is a hard metric to really turn the corner on. It sounds like a lot of other things are moving positive. So do you expect you can improve stop density — residential stop density independent of mix? Or is that something that you think mix is just going to take care of it, and it’s less about what you can do and more about what type of business that you have? Any thoughts on that would be appreciated.

Carol B. Tome — Chief Executive Officer

Sure. If we look at delivery density for the quarter, it was down slightly year-on-year, but improved from both the third and fourth quarter of last year. So the sequential trends are good. Clearly, that’s a part of the mix change. But we don’t want to just rely on the mix change to improve delivery density. We want to be in control of our density or destiny, I should say. And so we’ve got a number of pilots underway to see if we can improve delivery density, and we’ll touch upon some of those pilots at our June Investor Day.

Brian Ossenbeck — JPMorgan — Analyst

Okay. Look forward to it, then. Thank you.

Carol B. Tome — Chief Executive Officer

Thank you.

Operator

Our next question will come from the line of Jordan Alliger of Goldman Sachs. Please go ahead.

Jordan Alliger — Goldman Sachs — Analyst

Yeah, hi. I know you guys have talked about it, I think you mentioned surcharges are still in place. Mix is helping all that stuff in profitability. Can you maybe discuss a little bit the core price aspect, which I think is part of the revenue quality? And I’m sure you’ll touch on it on the Analyst Day, but where are you on the contract renegotiation process? And how far through, how much room do you have? Is it going as expected? Thanks.

Carol B. Tome — Chief Executive Officer

So as a matter, of course, we have a number of longer-term contracts that come up for renewal every year. And when those contracts come up for renewals, we negotiate through those. And our team, Kate and team, have done a masterful job of managing through that, those contract renewals in this very challenging demand environment.

Jordan Alliger — Goldman Sachs — Analyst

Is — so would you — is there a certain time frame in terms of runway? Is it like a two, three-year process of going through the contracts? And any ideas around that?

Carol B. Tome — Chief Executive Officer

It never ends. I mean, every year, there are a number of contracts that come up for renewal because we have staggered maturities. So I think this is a virtuous cycle as well.

Jordan Alliger — Goldman Sachs — Analyst

Thank you.

Operator

Our next question will come from the line of Scott Schneeberger of Oppenheimer. Please go ahead.

Scott Schneeberger — Oppenheimer — Analyst

Thanks very much. Carol, could you please elaborate a little bit on the vaccine distribution? It sounds like there’s a lot of momentum going International. Just curious about the profitability characteristics of the program and the magnitude. Thanks.

Carol B. Tome — Chief Executive Officer

Well, I don’t think it’s appropriate for me to talk about the profitability of a product, but we can talk broadly about our health care business, which includes vaccines. And our health care business is very nutritive to the overall business. As Brian commented, we had the best top line and bottom-line performance ever.

We do make money on vaccines, as you can appreciate, principally because of the value-added attributes to the vaccines. UPS Premier is a special label that goes on top of the package. The label has a battery inside. So we can track that package wherever it is throughout our network. We stood up a command center to watch that package wherever it is throughout the network. And these are precious vaccines, and we want to make sure they get to their dosing sites on time and we’re able to do that with 99.9% on-time delivery.

So clearly, there’s a value add and value is defined by what the customers are willing to pay for. So hopefully, that helps you understand the profitability of that segment.

Operator

Our next question will come from the line of Helane Becker of Cowen. Please go ahead.

Helane Becker — Cowen — Analyst

Thank you for the time, everybody. Just a couple of questions on pension. Brian, does this — the changes mean that the yellow and reds on your — on the pension plan all go to green now? And I think at the end of the year, you were 80% funded for 2020. What is the change due to your pension contributions for 2021? And does that bring you into fully funded status?

Brian Newman — Chief Financial Officer

So, yes, most of our measures go into green. The benefit we saw was a combination, Helane, of the Central State reversal liability for $5.5 billion. We also had to remeasure the IBT plan at the end of the quarter. That, combined with the asset returns, was close to another $1 billion, $900 million. So that’s the $6.4 billion. So that’s a reduction in liabilities for us. The funded status, the IBT plan, will actually be funded at 100%. So that’s a positive.

And going forward, from a P&L perspective, the P&L benefit aside from the asset base, we’ll see about a $50 million reduced service cost on a quarterly basis going forward. So it has both a liability balance sheet impact as well as a P&L benefit.

And as far as funded status, we update that when we remeasure based on discount rates. So that moves up and moves down, but clearly, the liability was favorable for us.

Carol B. Tome — Chief Executive Officer

I think, Brian, it’s [Technical Issues] 80% number, the relative number is 90% for all the pension plan.

Brian Newman — Chief Financial Officer

For all pension plans. Obviously, I was talking IBT specific, yes. Yes. So we’re still close to 90%, Helane, across all three pension plans.

Helane Becker — Cowen — Analyst

Okay. That’s great. Thank you very much.

Brian Newman — Chief Financial Officer

Thank you.

Operator

Our next question will come from the line of Brandon Oglenski of Barclays. Please go ahead.

Brandon Oglenski — Barclays — Analyst

Hey. Good morning, everyone, and thank you for taking my question. So, Brian, I don’t want to steal your thunder for the June analyst meeting, but we do have a call here. So can you talk about capital priorities going ahead, especially with these changes on the pension side? You guys do have a lot of cash here, and you explicitly said no share repurchases as of now. So can you talk through like the thought process going forward?

Brian Newman — Chief Financial Officer

Yes, happy to, Brandon. So our thought process hasn’t changed from a principal perspective. The first allocation of capital will be into the business. Obviously, with the type of returns, the improving domestic business and the growth in international supply chain and health care, we’re going to continue to invest in those businesses. So — and investments will not just take the form of capex. There are new investments in SaaS and capabilities that we’re putting in from an opex perspective. So we’ll do that. We’re committed to the dividend. We’ll have a capital discussion in the June conference. So I don’t want to front run that discussion. And then obviously, improving the flexibility of the balance sheet, which we’re making good strides on. And that share repo, we don’t have any plans to repurchase shares currently. But as Carol said on the last call, we’ll continue to look and evaluate that going forward.

Brandon Oglenski — Barclays — Analyst

Thank you.

Operator

Our next question will come from the line of Jairam Nathan of Daiwa. Please go ahead.

Jairam Nathan — Daiwa — Analyst

Hi. Thanks for taking my question. So I just wanted to understand your thinking with regard to some new last mile competition with companies like Uber, DoorDash and the others. So do you see yourself, UPS and the industry, coexist and use the last mile competition as some second to USPS here, especially we have noticed these companies have been pretty aggressive on the price side and last to enter these markets. So I just wanted to kind of understand the thought process here.

Carol B. Tome — Chief Executive Officer

Yes. Long gone are the days when we describe our competitive set as those headquartered in Memphis and those headquartered in Washington, D.C. or those headquartered on the West Coast. And there are lots of players that are coming into the supply chain. And everybody wants a little piece of the pie. And our job is to keep them out of the pie that we want to eat, and we are doing that by investing in the capabilities that the customers matter most. And again, without — I’m sorry to be wasting your time, hopefully not today, but we’re going to kick the can down the road one more time because we’re going to talk to you about the enabling capabilities that we are investing in at our June investor conference to continue to offer the services that matter most to the customers that we want to serve.

Jairam Nathan — Daiwa — Analyst

Okay. Thank you.

Operator

We have a follow-up from the line of Todd Fowler of KeyBanc Capital Markets. Please go ahead.

Todd Fowler — KeyBanc Capital Markets — Analyst

Hey. Great. Good morning. Thanks for taking the question. It sounds like that SMB and health care were really big contributors to the growth within U.S. Domestic this quarter. Can you talk about the opportunity, the longer-term opportunity, kind of where you’re at in your progress with those initiatives? And then how do we think about the balance between some of your existing legacy accounts in that business as you focus on growth with SMB and health care? Thanks.

Carol B. Tome — Chief Executive Officer

Our focus on SMB and health care does not take away our desire to grow our large enterprise accounts, which are many large retailers. And if I look at those large enterprise accounts, which we very much appreciate the relationship we have with those customers, they were very growthy. In the first quarter, they grew mid-teens. So that’s very growthy compared to what we were up against. So we will continue to invest in that experience as well. But we’re really looking at an end-to-end experience and have discovered 16 customer journeys, where we can — based on customer feedback, where we can make improvements; and based on those improvements, get stickiness with those customers. And those customer journeys are as true for our SMB customers as they are for our enterprise customers. And we’ll talk more about that at our June Investor Day.

Todd Fowler — KeyBanc Capital Markets — Analyst

Okay. Thank you.

Operator

And we have a follow-up from the line of Amit Mehrotra of Deutsche Bank.

Amit Mehrotra — Deutsche Bank — Analyst

Hey. Thanks for taking the follow-up. Just related to that SMB. I think, Carol, a few quarters ago, you talked about what percentage of your Domestic business was SMB, I think it was maybe 25%. Wondering if you can update us on that. Obviously, it’s growing a lot, but off a smaller base. And maybe — I don’t know if you’re willing to do this, but just update us on what Amazon is as a percentage of revenue, because, obviously, SMB is growing faster than your enterprise customers of the Amazon to your largest. And given that’s a big topic of discussion, I’m wondering if you could discuss that a little bit.

Carol B. Tome — Chief Executive Officer

Well, I’ll tell you the SMB as a percent of total is 27%. So we’ve shown a nice increase in penetration there. We’re delighted with that. And we disclose Amazon at the end of every year, so I think we’ll just wait to do that.

Amit Mehrotra — Deutsche Bank — Analyst

Okay. All right. Thank you very much.

Scott Childress — Investor Relations Officer

Stephen, before we go, we’ve got time for probably one more question this morning.

Operator

Alrighty. Our final question will come from the line of David Vernon of Bernstein. Please go ahead, sir.

David Vernon — Bernstein — Analyst

Hey, good morning. Thanks for squeezing me in. Question is about the commercial side of the house. Are you rethinking the approach on better, not bigger based on your success in growing volume to date at a decent degree of operating leverage? And could you comment on whether you’re starting to see any customer churn as a result of pricing and revenue quality initiatives?

Carol B. Tome — Chief Executive Officer

So we love our commercial business, and we’re delighted to see it coming back. When we think about the segments that we serve from a commercial perspective, the largest segment is retail. And as retailers start to open their stores, we expect that to come back in a meaningful way, and that would be a great business for us.

So we look forward to the economy continuing to recover and our commercial business coming back as well.

Operator

Thank you, sir. I’d like to turn the floor back over to our host, Mr. Scott Childress, for any closing remarks, please.

Scott Childress — Investor Relations Officer

Thank you, Stephen. This concludes our call, and we want to thank everyone for joining us and hope that you have a great day. Thank you.

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