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JUMIA TECHNOLOGIES AG (JMIA) Q1 2023 Earnings Call Transcript

JMIA Earnings Call - Final Transcript

JUMIA TECHNOLOGIES AG (NYSE: JMIA) Q1 2023 Earnings Call dated May. 23, 2023

Corporate Participants:

Safae DamirHead of Investor Relations

Antoine Maillet-MezerayExecutive Vice-President Finance and Operations.

Francis DufayCEO

Analysts:

Luke HolbrookMorgan Stanley. — Analyst

Aaron KesslerRaymond James — Analyst

Catherine O’NeillCiti. — Analyst

Presentation:

Operator

Good morning, ladies and gentlemen, thank you for standing-by, welcome to Jumia’s Results Conference Call for the First-quarter of 2023. At this time, all participants are in a listen-only mode. After management’s prepared remarks, there will be a question-and-answer session. I would now like to turn the call over to Safae Damir, Head of Investor Relations for Jumia. Please go-ahead.

Safae DamirHead of Investor Relations

Thank you. Good morning, everyone. Thank you for joining us today for our first-quarter 2023 earnings call. With us today, are Francis Dufay, CEO of Jumia and Antoine Maillet-Mezeray, Executive Vice-President Finance and Operations.

We will start by covering the safe-harbor. We would like to remind you that our discussions today will include forward-looking statements, actual results may differ materially from those indicated in the forward-looking statements. Moreover, these forward-looking statements may speak only to our expectations as of today. We undertake no obligation to publicly update or revise these statements. For a discussion of some of the risk factors that could cause actual results to differ from the forward-looking statements expressed today, please see the Risk Factors section of our Annual Report on Form 20 F as published on May 16th, 2023, as well as our other submissions with the SEC.

In addition, on this call, we will refer to certain financial measures not reported in accordance with IFRS. You can find reconciliations of these non-IFRS financial measures to the corresponding IFRS financial measures in our earnings press release, which is available on our Investor Relations website.

With that, I’ll hand over to Francis. Thank you, Safae. Welcome everyone and thanks for joining today. So we are now seven months into the execution of our strategy to accelerate our progress towards profitabilities. And I’m very pleased to report today, very good progress towards this goal. In Q1 2003, adjusted EBITDA loss decreased by 51% Year-over-Year, reaching its lowest level in over four years. This is the third consecutive quarter of adjusted EBITDA loss reduction on a Year-over-Year basis. And we are accelerating the pace of loss reduction after a 30% decrease in adjusted EBITDA loss in Q4 ’22. That’s production this quarter was supported by significant cost-savings as we reduced our operating expenses by 32.9% Year-over-Year. We are opening the books on every cost line in our P&L and driving efficiencies while maintaining your standards of operation and execution. We’re very pleased with the progress made so far on costs, and we believe that we still have room to drive further savings on fulfillment, tech and G&A costs as our efficiency measures continue to yield more results. I also want to be very clear that although we believe cost-reduction to be an essential lever for breakeven, it’s only one aspect of our broader profitability strategy. The other very important lever for breakeven is obviously growth. And although growth in Q1 ’23 sorry was affected by a number of headwinds, we have significant growth runway in our markets and we are working on the fundamentals of our business and consumer value proposition to capture this vast opportunity. Let’s now review the details of Jumia’s performance in Q1 ’23. So, quarterly active consumers orders in GMV declined by 22%, 26% and 22% Year-over-Year respectively. Usage dynamics were negatively affected by a combination of factors in Q1 ’23. First of all, the macro-environment remains very challenging. High inflation is affecting consumer spending power and restricting sellers’ ability to source goods. We also faced a challenging operating environment in Q1 in Nigeria, with protests related to the withdrawal, sorry, of high denomination currency notes. There were also security concerns around the election period in February ’23. But as of today, the disruptions in Nigeria has abated. Second. We took very deliberate actions that we knew would affect usage in the short-term, but at the right things to do for the long-term growth and profitability of our business. We recalibrated our product and service portfolio, moving away from unprofitable categories with limited consumer lifetime value. As part of that, we have ceased Our first-party grocery offering in most countries. And significantly reduced promotional intensity behind a number of services on the JumiaPay app. In fact, JumiaPay app services accounted for over 25% of GMV decline and over 40% of orders decline. JumiaPay app services, combined with the FMCG category, which includes grocery products, accounted for a total of 55% of the decline in items sold during the quarter. Lastly, for GMV specifically, FX was a significant headwind and contributed, sorry, 15 percentage points to the 22% GMV decrease in Q1 ’23. Nine out of 10 local currencies depreciating — depreciated against the US dollar. The Egyptian Pound and Ghanaian Cedi, for example, depreciated by more than 80% against the dollar. While the Nigerian Naira and Shilling, and South African Rand depreciated by over 10%. We view these headwinds as temporary and we are working on a comprehensive plan to drive long-term profitable growth for Jumia. The focus of this plan is on getting the basics rights across all geographies. The first priority is to improve supply and assortment relevance by attracting high-quality sellers onto the platform. And I mean by that relevant brands, strong local distributors and importers with a focus on core e-commerce categories such as phones, electronics, home appliances, fashion and beauty. We have already taken steps to streamline our category mix with a pullback from first-party grocery, so we can now focus on getting the right assortment and price points across relevant product categories. We are also working on enhancing seller management tools and processes to improve the experience of our sellers on Jumia. We have started rolling out a new version of our seller center platform, which includes a broad suite of seller management tools to help them better manage and grow their businesses on Jumia. Last but not least, we plan to further develop Jumia Global. This is a broader platform that allows overseas sellers, mostly Japanese, to sell Jumia. Jumia Global is a meaningful competitive advantage for Jumia as it allows us to offer consumer products that are not available locally at attractive price points and within a reasonable timeframe. In addition to our commercial efforts, we are working on penetrating our addressable markets more effectively. We intend to do so by tapping into the large consumer pools located outside of primary cities, which are usually under-served by retail as we speak. For that we are extending our logistics reach in these areas in a cost-effective manner. Mostly for developing pick up station networks along relevant logistics routes. And these pick up stations are usually operated by third-party partners, who work under strict guidelines and supervision from Jumia. The second requirement to expand our reach is to adapt our marketing strategy. And this means leveraging relevant local channels to reach populations, educate them about e-commerce and engage with them on an ongoing basis. Ivory Coast is one of the countries that’s at the forefront of developing e-commerce and secondary cities and rural areas. And there are a number of learnings we can leverage to replicate the success in other countries. In terms of marketing, we have found that local channels such as local radio, street activation, Jumia-force are much more effective at driving awareness and conversion rates than typical digital marketing channels. That’s why we’re very-very comfortable working with much smaller marketing budgets. It is not a question of spending large amounts of marketing, it’s a question of deeply embedding ourselves within local communities to understand what resonates best with them. On the technology front, we are focusing on our development efforts on products and features that enhance the UI/UX, to make our platform even easier and more intuitive to use. And last but not least JumiaPay has an important role to play in the growth of e-commerce, to add more convenience and remove friction at checkouts. We are now in the process of rolling out JumiaPay on delivered to allow digital payments on delivery and further reduce the use of cash. None of these actions quick fixes or shortcuts to growth, these are fundamental improvements of our customer value proposition, so we expect the results to materialize over time. Now moving on to JumiaPay. TPV was $48.6 million, down 31% Year-over-Year and down 13% on a constant-currency basis. FX effects were a significant headwind again to give performance, particularly the 87% depreciation of the Egyptian Pound, sorry, against the US dollar. The drop in JumiaPay app TPG accounted for almost 60% of the total TPV decline. This was a result of our decision to discontinue highly promotional services on the app, they do not build sustainable cohorts such as airtime recharge and vouchers. These developments also led to a decline in TPV penetration from 28% in Q1 ’22 to 25% in Q1 ’23, despite an increase in TPV penetration in both our physical goods and food delivery platforms. JumiaPay transactions reached $2 million in Q1 ’23, down 38% Year-over-Year. The transactions decline on the JumiaPay app accounted for over 80% of the overall JumiaPay transactions decline. 29% of orders placed on the platform — on the Jumia platform in Q1 ’23 were completed using JumiaPay, compared to 34% in Q1 ‘ 22. Here again, the decline in penetration was mostly attributable to the reduction of JumiaPay app services in the transactions mix, with JumiaPay transactions penetration as percentage of orders actually increasing in both physical goods and food delivery platforms. As I mentioned earlier, JumiaPay continues to be a strategic priority for Jumia and we’re working on making it an even more effective enabler for e-commerce business. The initial rollout of JumiaPay on delivery in Kenya is showing very good traction. In March ’23, which was the first full month of rollout, 20% of postpaid order in Kenya were completed using JumiaPay. Also, we remain focused on extending our payment processing activities off-platform in Nigeria and Egypt. where we have previously obtained the relevant licenses to do so. I will now hand over to Antoine, who will walk you through our financials.

Antoine Maillet-MezerayExecutive Vice-President Finance and Operations.

Thanks, Francis. Hello, everyone. I’ll kick-off with a review of our top-line performance on page 10. Revenue reached $46.3 million in Q1 ’23, down 3% year-on-year and u p 24% on a constant-currency basis. Marketplace revenue growth, which was 4% and 21% on a constant-currency basis was offset by corresponding revenue decline. This was mainly a result of the scaling back of the grocery subcategory, which was largely undertaken on a first-party basis. Other revenue was down 68% year-on year, mostly due to the suspension of our logistics as a service offering in most markets, except Nigeria [indecipherable]. We took this decision in Q3 last year to reduce business complexity in the low countries to amend their logistics capacity and efficiency before taking on third-party volumes.

Let’s now unpack the growth dynamics of our marketplace revenue. Marketplace revenue reached $27.4 million, at 4% on a year-on year basis and 21% on a constant-currency basis. This is a very good performance considering GMV was down 22% and 6% on a constant-currency basis over the same-period. Marketplace revenue growth was supported by strong commissions revenue momentum, which was up 40% year-on year and 61% on a constant-currency basis. This momentum was the result of the commission take rate increases we implemented in mid-2022.

Marketing and advertising revenue was stable Year-over-Year and up 32% on a constant-currency basis. FX effect resulted in significant headwind to this revenue line due to the high weight of the Egyptian Pound in the marketing revenue mix and depreciation by 87% against the USD in Q1 ’23. Value-added services revenue, which mainly includes logistics revenue from sellers and fulfillment revenue, which includes shipping fees from consumers, decreased by 11% and 21% year-on-year respectively. And this was mostly driven by the decline in volumes. That being said, we are significantly improving the monetization of our logistics services and the pass-through of our fulfillment costs. The ratio of the sum of fulfillment and value-added services revenue over fulfillment expense increased from 62% in Q1 ’22, to a record high of 79% in Q1 ’23.

Let’s now move on to gross profit, which was also resilient in Q1 ’23, reaching $28.6 million, up 5% and 24% on a constant-currency basis. Commission take rate increases drove a strong expansion in gross profit margin, which went from 10.8% in Q1’22 tp 14.4% in Q1 ’23.

Moving on to costs. Fulfillment expense reached $17 million, down 34% year-on-year and 22% on a constant-currency basis, in parallel with the decline in orders. Fulfillment expense per order, excluding JumiaPay at orders, which do not include logistics cost, decreased by 20% from $3.1 in Q1 ’22, down to $2.5 in Q1 ’23, as a percentage of GMV fulfillment expense improved from 9.5% to 8.1%. These efficiency improvements are early signs of success of the initiatives that we are working on across our logistics chain. These include optimizing our footprint and logistics routes, improving warehousing staff management and productivity, reducing packaging costs and many more. As we continue executing these initiatives, we expect to drive further improvement in efficiency compared to current levels.

Sales and advertising expense reached $5.8 million, down 69% year-on-year and 65% on a constant-currency basis, as we continue to bring more discipline to our marketing investments. This drove an improvement in marketing efficiency ratios with sales and advertising expense per order, decreasing by 58% from $2 in Q1 ’22, down to $0.8 in Q1 2003, as percentage of GMV sales and advertising expense reached 2.9% in Q1 ’23, which is more than 4.5 percent points improvement year-on year. We are comfortable working is much smaller marketing budgets and don’t believe growth has to come at the expense of marketing efficiency.

As mentioned by Francis earlier, growth is primarily a function of how good our customer value proposition is. And either are any gaps in basics, no amount of marketing spend can effectively address that. That’s why we are focused today on enhancing the consumer value proposition where needed to create a sustainable foundation for long-term growth.

Moving on to technology and G&A cost. Tech and content expense reached $11.8 million, down 9% Year-over-Year and only 1% on a constant-currency basis. Tech is a core part of our G&A and we remain committed to improving the experience of our users through the rollout of relevant products. That being said, there are further savings opportunities for us on the tech front, as we continue optimizing our tech infrastructure while improving staff productivity. G&A expense excluding share-based compensation, reached $25 million in Q1 ’23, down 16% year-on-year and 5% on constant-currency basis.

The staff cost component of G&A expense excluding share-based compensation expense decreased by 21% year-on-year as a result of the organizational changes undertaken in Q4 ’22. Note that Q1 ’23 figures do not yet reflect the full impact of these [indecipherable], as Q1 still included the last month salaries of some of the leaders.

Let’s now look at our balance sheet on page 15. Capex in Q1 ’23 was $0.8 million. We are returning to quarterly levels around $1 million mark after the logistics and technology investments of last year. Net changing working capital inflow impact of $7.4 million, largely due to an improvement in the payable cycle, which had a positive cash effect of $6.2 million. Cash utilization for the quarter was $23.5 million. This is a reduction of approximately 60% compared to both Q1 and Q4 ’22.

At the end of March ’22, we had a liquidity position of $205.4 million, comprised of $86.9 million of cash-and-cash equivalent, and $180.6 million of term deposits and other financial assets. And our efforts to significantly reduce cash utilization allowed us to meaningfully expand our cash runway. I now hand over to Francis, who will walk you through our guidance on page 16.

Francis DufayCEO

Thanks, Antoine. Our Q1 ’23 results show strong progress towards breakeven and further support the guidance we provided earlier this year. As such, we are reiterating this guidance and remain committed to further accelerating our progress towards breakeven. For the full-year ’23, we expect adjusted EBITDA loss to reach between $100 million to a $120 million. At the bottom of the guidance range. This means getting adjusted EBITDA rose by more than half of ’22, in-line with what was already achieved in Q1 ’23. We expect sales and advertising expense to reach between $30 million to $40 million. At the bottom of the range, we’re talking about the reduction of 60% versus ’22. I will reiterate here that although we are getting the overall amount of marketing spends, we are extremely focused on driving usage growth on the platform. Our marketing spend, although lower, is much more efficient as we dug into more relevant channels for consumers. And in parallel, we continue to work on multiple dimensions of our value proposition to win consumers in selection, price and convenience.

Lastly, we expect G&A, excluding share-based compensation to reach between $90 million and $105 million compared to a $180 million in ’22. And this is essentially a reflection of the headcount cuts completed already in Q4 ’22, and does not incorporate the benefits of ongoing initiatives such as office space rationalization. We are encouraged by the good progress made this quarter towards breakeven. Going forward, we to maintain the cost discipline and drive further efficiencies by redoubling our efforts on the growth front to scale the business towards profitability.

With that, we’re ready to take your questions.

Questions and Answers:

Operator

Thank you. At this time we will be conducting a question-and-answer session.

[Operator instructions]

One moment please while we poll for questions. And our first question this morning is coming from Luke Holbrook from Morgan Stanley. Luke, your line is live. Please go-ahead.

Luke HolbrookMorgan Stanley. — Analyst

Yes, good afternoon. And I just got a couple of questions from my side. The first is, it looks like you’ve raised commission rates quite significantly over the past year now, that excludes, I guess cancellations from your GMV. It goes from about 15% to 19%, I’m just wondering what the reaction has been from merchants over that time? Do you think you’re reaching a maximum from the monetization efforts that you put into there.

And then the second one is, your actives are down quite significantly year-on year. I just wondered if you could just talk a bit about the trends through the quarter and into April to May, particularly in light of your sales and advertising falling about 70% quarter-on-quarter? Thank you.

Francis DufayCEO

Sorry, Luke, I didn’t get the last — the second question. You mentioned something was down. Which item was it?

Luke HolbrookMorgan Stanley. — Analyst

Yes, your actives, yes, your active space is down, down about a quarter year-on-year. So just wondering how that’s — how it trended through the quarter, given your sales advertising reduction?

Antoine Maillet-MezerayExecutive Vice-President Finance and Operations.

Okay, clear. So let me start with the first question then. So indeed, we increased take rates from commissions and value-added services last year quite significantly. I think the reaction from sellers was fine. I mean, of course, they were not cheering for that, but we [indecipherable] the sellers understand that we bring value and we’re creating a business for them. We made sure that the new commissions were not endangering their business and understood that they were — I mean, they had to pay the fair price for the value that we are creating for them. So we had no backlash, no bad reaction or bad, there’s nothing of that kind from the vendors.

The question about whether we’ve reached the maximum, it’s very hard to tell when you reach the maximum until you — until you overstep it. The decision we’ve made to actively at at this stage is that we don’t want to push further on the mandatory take rate, so commissions mostly. Because a large part of our growth plan relies on improving the consumer value proposition, which mostly comes in our markets where consumers are cash constraint, if I can put it this way, which mostly comes from improving the assortments, the price points, the availability of goods and this depends on vendors. So we don’t want to be pushing them too hard at this stage because we absolutely need them to improve the value proposition of our platform and drive long-term growth with low marketing cost. So we’re not planning on going further than than where we are today. We believe it’s a fair take rate that brings value — I mean, that creates value for both vendors and for Jumia, and we’re satisfied with that level of monetization and don’t want to take the risk to push it too far.

Then on the usage trends for the quarter, I think the trend is pretty similar for the whole quarter. I would not say it’s correlated to marketing. I think what’s — what’s happened from the start is that we had a number of decisions, very deliberate actions that had an impact on usage, on short-term usage. So, as we decided to pull-back from first-party grocery in many countries, as we stopped very — I mean, very intense promotional activity in the JumiaPay app for example, this has a direct short-term impact on usage. That doesn’t materialize through the whole Q1 quite evenly. And that keeps on materializing in some was in the months after that.

So I will not comment on specific trends within the quarter. What matters the most to me is that we put together the right building blocks and working fundamentals to get long-term growth. Short-term impact was something that was unfortunately, part of the plan. It has to happen when you pull-back heavy discounts or you remove a category that’s unprofitable. But we’re also very happy to see some improvement at country-level. Thanks to the work that we’ve delivered on commercial supply and better distribution and better penetration in our markets.

Luke HolbrookMorgan Stanley. — Analyst

Perfect. Thank you. Do you disclose grocery as a percentage of your GMV or not then?

Francis DufayCEO

GMV in the grocery mix? Sorry, I didn’t get that.

Luke HolbrookMorgan Stanley. — Analyst

Yes grocery in the GMV mix, do you disclose that, given its significance this quarter?

Francis DufayCEO

No, we didn’t we did not disclose it. I can — I mean, what we mentioned earlier on, is that in the GMV — in the GMV decrease that we saw this quarter, JumiaPay app and grocery accounted for 34% of the total decline, that’s 1/3rd of the whole decline, at the group level. But grocery was definitely not the biggest category by far. It was certainly the most complex, but this is not the biggest.

Luke HolbrookMorgan Stanley. — Analyst

Okay.

Operator

Thank you. Your next question is coming from Aaron Kessler from Raymond James. Aaron, please proceed with your question.

Aaron KesslerRaymond James — Analyst

Great, thanks. Maybe just a couple questions, first you mentioned kind of opportunities for additional expense cuts in kind of the P&L, can you just give us a sense, it doesn’t seem like there’s much room left on advertising. Should we assume that’s kind of more G&A or just other areas that you can discuss.

And then it sounds like the biggest impact to revenues on kind of a sequential basis was product mix, that’s make this a great quarter, kind of macro product mix and FX for us. Thank you.

Francis DufayCEO

Okay, so, correct me if I’m wrong, but on your first question on the opportunity for further savings across the cost base? I think. I mean the good news in a way is that we see more opportunity for savings, right. I think we’ve already had quite some impact on costs. But when we keep look — I mean, we keep on looking everyday and we are waking up every morning thinking of how we get to profitability. If you look at the different items in the P&L, on the fulfillment part, we are just at the beginning of a very long process. So our cost per — our CTO cost per order on fulfillment is at $2.5 now excluding JumiaPay app. But the measures that we started a couple of months ago are just starting to yield impact. We still have very diverse levers of impact across countries. And when all countries will be aligned best practices, we believe we can still get more savings.

Then on marketing costs, I think we’ve already done quite a lot. We are confident that this is a sustainable level given the actions that we started, building better value proposition and driving better penetration across the country. Then on G&A, we have been reducing costs, while also reducing complexity and streamlining the reorganization reducing number of business lines, I mean, simplifying the lives of everyone. And we believe that we can still get more savings, especially because what you see in Q1 here does not reflect the full extent of what we’ve done. Lots of the salaries are still in Q1 — are still present in Q1 P&L and we will no longer be in the P&L in Q2 or Q3. So we’re yet to see the full impact of headcount and broadly speaking, of all G&A savings in that P&L.

And then, we also believe that we have some gains to make in tech. So the tech teams and tech products, we are making some progress on infrastructure and we also believe that we can get more efficiency from things. So we really not at the end-of-the journey. I mean, as I said earlier, cost is not the only dimension of the plan. But I want to make it clear that we’re not at the end-of-the journey when it comes to making Jumia leaner and more efficient company.

And then, Aaron, sorry, would you mind repeating the second question?

Aaron KesslerRaymond James — Analyst

Yes. Second question just kind of on the relative magnitude of the impacts to that kind of growth in Q1 revenue, maybe revenues in Q1 versus Q4 obviously declined just maybe the impact of macro, product mix and FX, which we called out, should we assume product mix is the biggest impact, and then kind of macro that FX or just if you can rank those?

Francis DufayCEO

So I will answer directionally. So product mix is changing slowly. I mean product mix is by definition, something that takes time to evolve. So from Q4 to Q1, you don’t have radical changes to the point that it has an impact, a visible impact on revenue. Although a gradually evolving towards towards the top categories that we — we are working on being fashion, beauty, TV, home appliance, phones and electronics. And then — then the macro situation is pretty much the same that we discussed three months ago. FX is still not helping us, it’s a significant headwind. I would say no major change on that front at this stage.

Aaron KesslerRaymond James — Analyst

And just maybe finally, anything you would call out in terms of geographic performance, any major differences you saw among your kind of main regions?

Francis DufayCEO

So, I will remain a bit directional, we are not disclosing country data on an ongoing basis. But directionally speaking, we see that — I mean, macro is the main driver of bad performance for the — for the worst cases, if I can put it this way. We’re seeing — we’re starting to see some bright spots in some countries where the early actions of the turnaround plan are starting to pay-off. So for example, we’re seeing very strong resilience and good performance on-top line and also one is the best performance in marketing efficiency in Ivory Coast and Senegal. We’re seeing a brighter spots in Morocco, where topline is improving after a couple of rough quarters. And that’s the main — I mean that’s a few highlights. And then the countries where macro is the most deteriorated, obviously, the ones that are struggling more.

Aaron KesslerRaymond James — Analyst

Great, thank you.

Francis DufayCEO

But overall, I mean, the same level of execution and same quality of execution and same level of consistency in the actions that we’re rolling out, deliver more or less the same results across countries, provided you have the similar macro-environment.

Aaron KesslerRaymond James — Analyst

Yes, great, thank you so much.

Operator

Thank you. Your next question is coming from Catherine O’Neill from Citi. Catherine, please proceed with your question.

Catherine O’NeillCiti. — Analyst

Great, thank you. I’ve got three questions, if that’s okay. The first one is on Jumia Global that you mentioned, in terms of bringing overseas sellers on-board. I just wondered if you could provide a bit more detail on that in terms of how meaningful do you think that could be over time, in terms of broadening the position and the impact on GMV and whether those sellers come on at the same take rates, whether you a see sort of impact there?

Then secondly, within SG&A, I just wondered how much sort of one-off restructuring costs you’d expect this year, as you saw in the first-quarter.

And then the final question is, if you’re talking about there’s more efficiencies to come from fulfillment and tech and the savings in SG&A when fully reflected in the 1Q, I just wondered why you didn’t maybe upgrade your adjusted EBITDA guidance? As in, do we expect to sort of ongo a quite challenging top-down, is that sort of what prevented that?

Francis DufayCEO

Okay, so sorry, Catherine. May I please ask you to repeat the second question?

Catherine O’NeillCiti. — Analyst

Yes, the second question was just within SG&A or within your opex, I just wondered how much one-off or restructuring costs you saw in 1Q and you’d expect for this year that obviously, won’t repeat when we get into next year?

Francis DufayCEO

Okay. Okay, sure. So let me start with Jumia Global. So Jumia Global, I mean, it’s a business line, I guess quite well-known to everyone in the call. All big platforms in the world have that kind of overseas e-commerce activity. Jumia Global for us is a huge advantage, as we discussed several times, I mean in the previous calls. We deeply believe that our markets are constrained by supply rather than demand. The daily change of the African consumer it’s about finding the right product at the right price in the markets where there’s just not enough supply of fully distributed. For us being able to access that taps directly the vast pool of Chinese suppliers, mostly Chinese, is a huge advantage. It means we can bring to our 11 markets, products that are often not available or way too expensive or fully distributed at the right price, because we would have cut-off like layers of intermediaries, with very good service with some check on quality, which will increase trust from the customers. And in the process, since we are creating a lot of value for both customers and vendors, we’re able to capture a sizable take rates, that really enables us, I mean that makes it a very viable business for us, to put it this way.

So it’s a business that’s I think even more relevant for us in emerging markets in Africa, than it can be for other players in other places in the world. That is financially strong and viable, and that we aim to keep on developing. We have countries with fairly high penetration rate of Jumia — of Jumia Global and we’re trying to replicate, I mean, we’re not saying, we’re actually — we’re basically replicating the same good practices across most of our 11 markets. So very strong asset for us and very important part of the plan.

Then your question on one-off restructuring costs, so we had we did not separate it into in the numbers that we’re presenting here because it was not meaningful. Maybe Antoine, you want to comment on that?

Antoine Maillet-MezerayExecutive Vice-President Finance and Operations.

No, you’re right, it was not material and so we have not disclosed it. What was more materially is the fact that we have kept in Q1 salaries of people who now have left and we decreased the staff costs in the coming quarters.

Francis DufayCEO

And Catherine, to your last question, so indeed, we did not upgrade the guidance. We would be happy to do it in the future if we — if we confirm the good progress. Yes, no. That — that can be a topic for the — for the coming quarters. Right now, we’re still — we are working within the guidance in this quarter. And we’re confident that we’re going to see further improvement in cost.

Catherine O’NeillCiti. — Analyst

Okay, thank you. Thank you.

Francis DufayCEO

Thank you.

Operator

We have reached the end-of-the question-and-answer session. [Operator Closing Remarks]

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