Categories Earnings Call Transcripts, Technology

Box, Inc. (BOX) Q3 2023 Earnings Call Transcript

BOX Earnings Call - Final Transcript

Box, Inc. (NYSE: BOX) Q3 2023 earnings call dated Nov. 30, 2022

Corporate Participants:

Cynthia Hiponia — Vice President, Investor Relations

Aaron Levie — Chief Executive Officer, Co-founder

Dylan Smith — Chief Financial Officer and Co-founder

Analysts:

Brian Peterson — Raymond James — Analyst

George Kurosawa — Citigroup — Analyst

Joshua Baer — Morgan Stanley — Analyst

George Iwanyc — Oppenheimer — Analyst

Chad Bennett — Craig-Hallum Capital — Analyst

Rishi Jaluria — RBC Capital Markets — Analyst

Erik Suppiger — JMP Securities — Analyst

Richard Hilliker — Credit Suisse — Analyst

Presentation:

Operator

Ladies and gentlemen, thank you for standing by, and welcome to the Box, Inc. Third Quarter Fiscal 2023 Earnings Conference Call. [Operator Instructions]

At this time, I would like to turn the call over to Cynthia Hiponia, Head of Investor Relations. You may begin.

Cynthia Hiponia — Vice President, Investor Relations

Good afternoon, and welcome to Box’s Third Quarter Fiscal 2023 Earnings Conference Call. I’m Cynthia Hiponia, Vice President, Investor Relations. On the call today, we have Aaron Levie, Box Co-Founder and CEO; and Dylan Smith, Box Co-Founder and CFO. Following our prepared remarks, we will take your questions.

Today’s call is being webcast and also will be available for replay on our Investor Relations website at box.com investors. Our webcast will be audio only, however, supplemental slides are now available for download on our website. We’ll also post the highlights of today’s call on Twitter at the handle @boxincir.

On this call, we’ll be making forward-looking statements, including our Q4 and full year fiscal 2023 financial guidance and our expectations regarding our financial performance for fiscal 2023, fiscal 2024 and future periods, including our free cash flow, gross margins, operating margins, operating leverage, future profitability, net retention rates, remaining performance obligations, revenue and billings and the impact of foreign currency exchange rates and our expectations regarding the size of our market opportunity, our planned investments, future product offerings and growth strategies, our ability to achieve our long-term revenue and other operating model targets, the timing and market adoption of and benefits from our new products, pricing models and partnerships, our ability to address enterprise challenges and deliver cost savings for our customers, the impact of the macro environment on our business operating results, and our capital allocation strategies, including M&A and potential repurchases of our common stock.

These statements reflect our best judgment based on factors currently known to us, and actual events results may differ materially. Please refer to our earnings press release filed today and the risk factors and documents we file with the Securities and Exchange Commission, including our most recent quarterly report on Form 10-Q for information on risks and uncertainties that may cause actual results to differ materially from statements made on this earnings call. These forward-looking statements are being made as of today, November 30, 2022, and we disclaim any obligation to update or revise them should they change or cease to be up to date.

In addition, during today’s call, we will discuss non-GAAP financial measures. These non-GAAP financial measures should be considered in addition to, not as a substitute for or in isolation from our GAAP results. You can find additional disclosures regarding these non-GAAP measures, including reconciliations with comparable GAAP results in our earnings press release and in the related PowerPoint presentation, which can be found on our Investor Relations page of our website. Unless otherwise indicated, all references to financial measures are on a non-GAAP basis.

With that, let me hand it over to Aaron.

Aaron Levie — Chief Executive Officer, Co-founder

Thanks, Cynthia, and thank you all for joining the call today. We delivered strong third quarter results with revenue growth of 12% year-over-year or 17% on a constant currency basis. Our sharp focus on profitability drove record non-GAAP operating margins of 24%, up 330 basis points from 20.7% a year ago. Gross margins remained strong at over 76%, while our net retention rate increased slightly versus the year ago period. We are particularly pleased with these quarterly results and our substantial year-over-year bottom line improvements given the increasingly difficult macro environment.

Over the last couple of months, I’ve had the opportunity to chat with dozens of CIOs and CEOs across nearly every sector and in companies large and small, and it’s clear that companies are facing a very dynamic environment in front of them. In every industry, companies are dealing with a complex mix of economic pressures, while at the same time, needing to drive significant transformation across their businesses.

My customer conversations and our Q3 results confirm that companies are prioritizing strategic IT initiatives that allow them to better serve their customers, operate with speed and agility, enable an increasingly distributed workforce, all while seeking to reduce complexity of their technology stacks and keeping their enterprises secure from threats. These remain the top priorities for nearly any business or technology leader that you talk to today.

So while IT budgets might tighten and some larger deals may require more scrutiny across verticals and geographies, we are in a unique position to help our customers become future-ready. At center of the future of work is how companies protect, share and manage their most important content. Whether it’s the creative media that goes into a blockbuster film, the research that goes into producing a new life-saving drug or vaccine, the client data used to onboard a new customer or project files that go into producing a new breakout consumer product, every business runs on content.

Yet we see today that most enterprises are dealing with a mix of legacy enterprise content management solutions, network file shares and point collaboration and signature tools to work with their content. This fragmentation creates security risks, lowers productivity and ultimately cost enterprises far more than they need to spend. The Box Content Cloud helps companies drive up productivity, reduce risk and save substantially in the process.

Examples of Box delivering this value to our customers in Q3 include a global technology leader who has been a Box customer for more than 10 years, purchased a 7-figure EnterprisePlus ELA in Q3 to double down on leveraging Box for their business strategy, which includes M&A. With Box, they plan to retire redundant systems and technology with the goal of saving millions of dollars each year while also improving productivity and reducing risk by protecting their sensitive data.

A global entertainment company implemented EnterprisePlus in Q3 to secure and protect content and reduce cost and complexity by consolidating data assets and network file shares from M&A activities into one content cloud solution. Despite ongoing budgetary pressures, it’s clear that enterprises are increasingly making strategic long-term decisions on how to support a hybrid workforce and digital processes while maintaining a high level of security and compliance. The Box Content Cloud is in the best position to help customers reduce the cost and complexity of their traditional content stack, and we are continuing to double down on powering the full life cycle of content in a single platform and address major trends in the future of work.

In Q3, we drove significant innovation across the platform, which we shared at BoxWorks in October. We unveiled several major enhancements to Box Shield and Box Governance, our flagship security and data governance solutions. In Box Shield, we’ve extended our malware deep scan capabilities by adding the ability to scan additional file types, including Microsoft Office, reinforcing Box’s commitment to supporting third-party file types and helping admins apply critical protection to a wider variety of intellectual property. We also announced ethical wall capabilities in Box Shield, which creates reinforced information barriers within organizations to prevent communication or exchange of information that could lead to conflicts of interest between groups. This can be used to safeguard insider information, especially for our customers in financial and legal services.

And finally, we advanced our Box Governance capabilities to support more flexible retention policies to serve a wide range of industry use cases with future improvements to come around making it easier to export content under legal hold and providing better reporting and disposition insights and more.

Across our collaboration and workflow efforts, we launched additional capabilities in Box Sign to help customers move more of their signature transactions to the cloud. These include the ability for users to publish documents online for signature, edit signature requests in flight, enjoy an improved signer experience and much more.

We announced the general availability of the all-new Box Notes for real-time content collaboration and project management, and we announced the beta launch of Box Canvas, our new visual collaboration and virtual whiteboarding tool, which will begin to roll out this quarter. And we enhanced Content Insights to ensure users and enterprises have rich insights into how their content is being accessed, consumed and leveraged for enhanced business intelligence.

Finally, a critical part of our product strategy is our ability to integrate deeply across the SaaS landscape, and we are pleased that our interoperability has enabled us to build strong partnerships with leading technology companies. At BoxWorks, IBM’s CEO, Arvind Krishna, discussed how Box and IBM have partnered to drive digital transformation for our customers. Kirk Koenigsbauer, CVP and COO of the Experiences and Devices Group at Microsoft spoke about the importance of openness and interoperability and Box’s ongoing collaboration with Microsoft. Thomas Kurian, the CEO of Google Cloud, shared how Box and Google partnership enables secure modern collaboration in the enterprise. And finally, Jeetu Patel, Cisco’s EVP of Security and Collaboration, discussed how Box and Webex joint customers can now use Box and Webex better together.

And more recently, we launched an enhanced Box app for Zoom that enables customers to automatically save — select Zoom recordings directly to Box. With this new feature, joint customers can manage their content in one place while maintaining enterprise-grade security, compliance and governance, all within Zoom.

Now more than ever, customers are looking to partner with platforms, not point tools to help them drive greater efficiency, user experience and security. As we head into Q4 and looking out into next year, we’ll be doubling down across our three core pillars of innovation. Across security and compliance, we’ll be delivering major enhancements to Box Shield and Governance to protect customers in a very dynamic threat landscape, extend our leadership in compliance and drive all new efforts on the most ambitious security and governance road map we’ve ever had.

We will be driving major product improvements to Box Sign to support more advanced signature processes, adding richer features into Box Notes and Canvas, further building out relay and laying the groundwork for a major year of workflow innovation, enhancing core parts of our main web application user experience, deepening our development of content publishing and other advanced content management capabilities and much more. And within our platform, we’ll continue to double down on our scalability and developer experience efforts like UI elements, in addition to our integrations with other third-party applications like Teams, Slack, Zoom, Salesforce and more.

As we’ve shared, EnterprisePlus, our multiproduct suite offering, is a key strategy to increase the efficiency of our sales motion and to bring the full value of the Box Content Cloud to customers. EnterprisePlus brings the full suite of Box’s advanced product capabilities into a simple product bundle. And we’ve seen tremendous uptake from our go-to-market teams and customers. We launched EPlus just over a year ago, and it has become our most successful suite launched to date. In Q3, EnterprisePlus comprised over 90% of our suite sales in our large deals. And suites represent 73% of our large deals, up from 63% just a year ago. And we are now seeing renewal rates of EPlus come in higher than our overall company renewal rates.

Our Q3 customer expansions and new wins with EnterprisePlus include a sports marketing and talent management company, who has been a longtime Box customer, purchased an EnterprisePlus ELA in Q3 as Box has become a more strategic and integral part of their business. With the upgrade, they will now be replacing their current e-signature provider with Box Sign and will be using Box Shield to safeguard health records and PHI in Box as well as protect themselves from cyberattacks with threat and malware detection.

A financial services company providing insurance to thousands of businesses purchased Box with a 6-figure EnterprisePlus deal in Q3. Prior to Box, they have been running on legacy and on-premises systems for their claims agents. They recognize the need to replace this system. And after working on a proof of concept, proving out several use cases using Box’s APIs, they selected Box as their back-end content layer for their entire organization to store and work on sensitive client information.

We are pleased with our continued strong adoption of EnterprisePlus. As we know that when a customer adopts our multiproduct offerings, we see greater total account value, higher net retention, higher gross margins and a more efficient sales process.

In summary, we are pleased to have delivered a strong Q3. Since our last earnings call, the FX and macro environment headwinds have increased. However, our operational discipline that led to our Q3 record operating margins will continue. Operational discipline has been built into the core of the company, and we are proud of our demonstrated significant margin improvements, and we remain committed to our FY ’23 operating margin target. The confluence of remote work, digital transformation and cybersecurity challenges is causing enterprises to rethink how they work with their content, and these trends are only accelerating.

We are confident Box is uniquely positioned to gain from this shift. Our record Q3 gross and operating margins in a very dynamic market once again demonstrates our commitment to increasing profitability. We remain hyper focused on driving growth and profitability as we look to the next $1 billion of Box revenue.

With that, I’ll hand it over to Dylan.

Dylan Smith — Chief Financial Officer and Co-founder

Thanks, Aaron. Good afternoon, everyone, and thank you for joining us. Q3 was another strong quarter for Box with revenue in line with our guidance and operating margin and EPS above our guidance. Despite FX and macroeconomic challenges, we’re on track to achieve the three key financial objectives for FY ’23 that we laid out at the beginning of this year. Accelerating annual revenue growth on a constant currency basis, expanding operating margins and prudently allocating capital to optimize shareholder returns.

We remain committed to delivering against our FY ’23 revenue growth plus free cash flow margin target of 37%, a 400 basis point improvement from last year’s outcome of 33%. Our ability to expand our operating margins and free cash flow margins in this environment is a testament to our operational discipline and resilient financial model. In Q3, we delivered revenue of $250 million, up 12% year-over-year. This was in line with our guidance despite the 5 percentage points of FX headwind that we experienced in Q3, which was 1 point higher than we expected when we set guidance on our Q2 call.

During Q3, we began to see an impact from additional customer scrutiny being placed on larger deals due to the macroeconomic environment. In Q3, we closed 77 deals worth more than $100,000 annually versus 97 in the year ago period. We now have 1,586 total customers paying more than $100,000 annually, representing a 19% year-over-year increase. It is worth noting that our win rates remain unchanged and our average price per seat continue to improve year-over-year in Q3. We also continue to drive a strong suite attach rate of 73% of these large deals. Roughly 42% of our revenue is now attributable to customers who have purchased suites, a significant 11 percentage point increase from 31% a year ago. Put simply, Box has continued to execute well, albeit in a dynamic environment.

We ended Q3 with remaining performance obligations, or RPO, of $1.1 billion, an 11% year-over-year increase or 20% growth on a constant currency basis. We expect to recognize more than 60% of our RPO over the next 12 months. Q3 billings of $258 million grew 12% year-over-year, well ahead of our guidance of a high single-digit growth rate. We drove this better-than-expected billings outcome despite an 8 percentage point headwind from FX, which was 3 points higher than our anticipated in our guidance. Our strong billings outcome in Q3 was due to increased early renewals and strong payment durations.

Our net retention rate at the end of Q3 was 110%, up 100 basis points from the prior year. Our annualized full churn rate was 3% versus 5% in the prior year, demonstrating stronger product stickiness with our customers. In Q4, we expect full churn to remain at roughly 3% and our net retention rate to be approximately 108%. We expect net retention will be impacted by lower seat expansion rates as we anticipate customers in certain segments will reduce headcount and budgets amidst macroeconomic uncertainties.

Gross margin came in at 76.5%, up 180 basis points from 74.7% a year ago. This result reflects the efficiencies that we’ve been generating as we transition to running fully in the public cloud as well as the impact of higher price per seat due to strong suites adoption. Q3 gross profit of $191 million was up 14% year-over-year, exceeding our revenue growth rate by 200 basis points.

Once again, we demonstrated the leverage in our business and our commitment to delivering higher profitability with a 29% increase in Q3 operating income to $60 million. Our record 24% operating margin was up 330 basis points from the 20.7% we delivered a year ago. We delivered $0.31 of diluted non-GAAP EPS in Q3, up 41% from $0.22 a year ago and above the high end of our guidance despite a negative impact of $0.06 from currency headwinds.

I’ll now turn to our cash flow and balance sheet. In Q3, we generated free cash flow of $55 million, a significant improvement from $31 million in the year ago period. In Q3, we delivered cash flow from operations of $70 million versus $46 million in the year ago period. Capital lease payments, which we include in our free cash flow calculation, were $10 million, down from $12 million in Q3 of last year.

Let’s now turn to our capital allocation strategy. We ended the quarter with $403 million in cash, cash equivalents, restricted cash and short-term investments. In Q3, we repurchased 1.1 million shares for approximately $29 million. As a result, we’ve been able to reduce weighted basic and diluted shares outstanding for six consecutive quarters. We remain committed to opportunistically returning capital to our shareholders. As such, our Board of Directors recently authorized a new $150 million common stock repurchase plan. In addition to our robust stock repurchase program, we will continue to leverage our strong balance sheet and increasing cash flow generation to invest in key growth initiatives and to fund strategic tuck-in M&A opportunities, which enhance and accelerate our product road map.

With that, I would like to turn to our guidance for Q4 and fiscal 2023. The U.S. dollar strengthened significantly versus the currencies in which we transact our international business following our prior earnings announcement on August 25, 2022, resulting in a larger-than-expected FX headwind to both Q3 and the full year of FY ’23. As a reminder, approximately 1/3 of our revenue is generated outside of the U.S., primarily in Japanese yen.

The following guidance includes the expected impacts of FX headwinds, assuming present foreign currency exchange rates. While our strong business performance this year has largely offset these FX headwinds, we are seeing additional scrutiny in some of our larger deals as companies contend with headcount reductions and budgetary constraints. As a result of these intensifying FX and macroeconomic pressures, we have prudently adjusted our FY ’23 revenue guidance to reflect these dynamics.

For the fourth quarter of fiscal 2023, we anticipate revenue of $255 million to $257 million, representing 10% year-over-year growth at the high end of this range. This includes an expected FX impact of approximately 5 percentage points to our Q4 revenue growth rate. Based on the increasing FX impact and the volume of early renewals that contributed to our strong Q3 billings results, we now expect our Q4 billings growth rate to be roughly 10% on an as-reported basis, including an expected FX impact of approximately 5 percentage points.

We expect our Q4 RPO growth to be slightly higher than our anticipated Q4 revenue and billings growth rates. We expect our non-GAAP operating margin to increase to approximately 24.5%, representing a 370 basis point improvement year-over-year. We expect our non-GAAP EPS to be in the range of $0.34 to $0.35, representing a 46% year-over-year increase at the high end of the range and GAAP EPS to be in the range of $0.06 to $0.07. Weighted average basic and diluted shares are expected to be approximately $144 million and $149 million, respectively. Our Q4 GAAP and non-GAAP EPS guidance includes an expected impact from FX of approximately $0.05.

For the full fiscal year ending January 31, 2023, we now anticipate our FY ’23 revenue to be in the range of $990 million to $992 million, representing 13% year-over-year growth or 17% on a constant currency basis. We are reiterating our FY ’23 non-GAAP operating margin guidance of approximately 22.5%, representing a 270 basis point improvement from last year’s result of 19.8%.

We are raising our FY ’23 non-GAAP EPS to be in the range of $1.16 to $1.17, up from $0.85 in the prior year. And we expect to deliver our first full year of positive GAAP EPS in the range of $0.02 to $0.03. Weighted average basic and diluted shares are expected to be approximately $144 million and $150 million, respectively. Our FY ’23 GAAP and non-GAAP EPS guidance includes an expected annual impact from FX of approximately $0.18.

For the full year of FY ’23, we now anticipate currency headwinds to impact our billings growth rate by approximately 6 percentage points or 2 percentage points more than the impact to our revenue growth rate. While we expect our FY ’23 billings growth rate to be roughly in line with revenue growth in constant currency, we expected to lag slightly on an as-reported basis.

While we are not yet providing formal guidance for FY ’24, we thought it would be helpful to provide color on two notable items for FY ’24 modeling purposes. As we’ve discussed previously, our public cloud migration strategy will unlock significant financial leverage and our long-term gross margin profile once we fully exit our existing collocated data centers.

Our redundant public cloud and data center expenses will peak in the first half of FY ’24. During Q1 and Q2 of next year, we expect gross margins to dip by a couple of hundred basis points from the 76.5% we just reported. We expect to end FY ’24 with gross margins a few hundred basis points above the results we just reported. We expect this gross margin impact to flow through to operating margins next year with Q1 and Q2 experiencing a temporary headwind before rebounding, resulting in year-over-year operating margin expansion for the full year of FY ’24.

As a result, Box will be better positioned to continue delivering profitable growth as we scale, exiting next year with an even stronger operating margin model after completing this important transition to the public cloud. Additionally, due to the material foreign exchange movements we’ve seen throughout FY ’23, we think it would be helpful to quantify the impact of FX on next year’s revenue growth. At current spot rates, we expect a roughly 300 basis point headwinds to revenue growth for the full year of FY ’24 on an as-reported basis with a more pronounced impact in the first half of the year. As is our custom, we will provide detailed FY ’24 guidance on our fiscal Q4 earnings call.

I would like to close with how proud we are of our Boxers who have been focused and executing in its dynamic economic environment. We have created the leading content cloud platform that allows enterprises to manage the entire life cycle of their content while lowering costs and keeping their enterprises secure from threats. We are on track to achieve our three key financial objectives for FY ’23 as the strength and resiliency of our business model has allowed us to deliver revenue growth while expanding operating and free cash flow margins. To sum it all up, we are well positioned to continue to deliver value to our customers and stakeholders in this uncertain macroeconomic environment as we scale toward generating the next $1 billion in revenue.

With that, Aaron and I will be happy to take your questions. Operator?

Questions and Answers:

Operator

The floor is now open for your questions. [Operator Instructions] Your first question comes from the line of Brian Peterson of Raymond James.

Brian Peterson — Raymond James — Analyst

Hi, gentlemen. Thanks for taking the question. So I wanted to start off on the comments you made about deal cycles maybe extending a little bit or increased scrutiny. I’d love to understand if there’s any commonality in end markets or customers where you saw that? And was that more impacted on the net new? Or was that also maybe kind of an upsell/cross-sell dynamic as well?

Aaron Levie — Chief Executive Officer, Co-founder

Sure. Yes. This is Aaron. We actually saw kind of healthy net new demand in the quarter, so not a pronounced impact one way or another on that front. We were pretty happy about some of the new logos that we brought on and some of the new customers. I think the callout that we made was — in some cases, in the kind of higher and larger deal segments in some of our business segments, there was more maybe budget pressure, which could make a deal be smaller than we initially anticipated. In some cases, maybe get pushed out or kind of the cycle lengthen but these were still in more narrow segments in the business. Overall, I think we’re pretty happy about the healthy demand that we saw throughout the quarter.

And in some customer sectors, you can see examples of companies not hiring as many people, which means that they’re obviously not going to need as many seats of software kind of across the board. But overall, we were pretty happy about what we’re able to deliver for customers.

Dylan Smith — Chief Financial Officer and Co-founder

And just to build on that a bit, Brian, we did see fairly similar performance across the two main segments of our business, enterprise and SMB. And then to quantify the question about the net new logo, those are pretty consistent, continue to contribute about 20% to 25% of our new bookings in Q3 with the balance of that being customer expansion. So pretty consistent with the relative contribution that we’ve seen in the past.

Brian Peterson — Raymond James — Analyst

No, that’s actually pretty encouraging, considering everything that’s going on in the macro. And maybe just a longer-term question. We heard about the next $1 billion in revenue a couple of times on your prepared remarks, but I’d just be curious, if you think about all the product innovation you’ve had over the last year or two, what gets you most excited about like really taking that step for the next billion? I just love to kind of get some of product thoughts on — and what’s going to drive that growth. Thanks, guys.

Aaron Levie — Chief Executive Officer, Co-founder

Yes. So as we — as you know, we’re really excited about our road map. We have the most ambitious road map we’ve had as a company while still delivering, I think, strong operating margin leverage in the business. Some of the areas that we called out in the call and that I would reinforce our doubling down in areas like security and compliance. Enterprises are dealing with an unbelievable amount of critical intellectual property in the form of their content, mission-critical data that they have to work with, whether it’s customer data or critical information on projects and other prerelease content that they want to be able to protect. So all things, data security, data protection, threat detection and compliance and governance, you’re going to see a lot of innovation around.

We’re also going to be doubling down in areas like workflow and our e-signature capabilities. So as more and more customers move to the cloud and they need to go digitize their business processes, we believe that they’re going to be looking at how do they automate workflows around their content. And then as you’re seeing with a lot of our innovation around collaboration, we also see a major tailwind in as companies get more and more distributed, even as they come back to offices, their organizations are more distributed than ever before, which means you need easier, more secure, more collaborative ways to work with content. So things like Canvas, Notes, our core web experience are just going to continue to improve on those dimensions. So next year, you’re going to see a bunch of, I think, exciting announcements, and we have a multiyear product road map and strategy that we’re very excited to deliver.

Brian Peterson — Raymond James — Analyst

Thanks, Aaron.

Aaron Levie — Chief Executive Officer, Co-founder

Thank you.

Operator

Your next question comes from the line of Eileen [Phonetic] of Citi.

George Kurosawa — Citigroup — Analyst

This is George. I’m on for Steve. I wanted to ask about the renewal commentary that drove some of the billings upside. Maybe you could just talk a little bit about what drove that change in customer behavior?

Dylan Smith — Chief Financial Officer and Co-founder

Sure. So in Q3, as is always the case, especially given the catalyst of being able to move into suites, we saw a stronger than typical volume of early renewals. So customers that had been set to renew largely in Q4 and then in some cases in future periods where often in conjunction with the upsell to move into product capabilities, they early renewed their contract in Q3, which pulled forward some of those billings and contributed to the strength that we saw in the quarter.

George Kurosawa — Citigroup — Analyst

Got it. That makes sense. And then one quick follow-up on the expansion. I think you mentioned you expect some segments to see some headcount reductions and some budgetary pressure. Maybe if you could just fill in a little bit on where you’re expecting to see those impacts.

Dylan Smith — Chief Financial Officer and Co-founder

Sure. So I wouldn’t necessarily say a specific segment per se, but more down to specific customers, who had been more impacted by the economic environment. And especially in those types of companies, where they’re reducing headcount, more cyclical businesses, or seeing increased budget scrutiny, we just wanted to be prudent as we do expect that some of those certain types of customers will be seeing lower seat expansion as we go forward.

But again, I would emphasize that overall, the economics and momentum of the business are quite strong across the different segments that we serve, and our full churn rate, which is indicative of the kind of stickiness value that our customers are getting out of the platform has remained very strong at 3% on an annualized basis.

George Kurosawa — Citigroup — Analyst

Got it. Thanks for taking the questions.

Operator

Your next question comes from the line of Josh Baer of Morgan Stanley.

Joshua Baer — Morgan Stanley — Analyst

Great. Thanks for the question. And congrats, Aaron and Dylan, on a nice quarter in a tough environment. I wanted to ask about that, the macro. If you look back to 2020, COVID, you saw real headwinds and decelerating growth. So far, it’s been different with relatively stable net retention rates, and you just posted 20% constant currency billings and RPO growth. Obviously, the macro backdrops are very different, but was hoping you could talk a little bit about the differences at Box, you’re positioning today versus a couple of years ago and really wondering how the maturation of suites and EnterprisePlus has really helped or if it’s helped in this environment.

Aaron Levie — Chief Executive Officer, Co-founder

Yes. I appreciate it. Obviously, the company is just extremely different in the past couple of years and something that we’re super proud of and happy about both on the bottom line performance, but as you call out on the top line, the product portfolio and positioning we have. If I look back two or three years ago, which obviously kind of fed into the pipeline and deals that we would have been doing in 2020, we were a very advanced secure content management and collaboration technology and platform, but that was really just the foundation capabilities for what we now deliver today, which is powering increasingly the full life cycle of content. So getting into e-signature as an example, doubling down in areas like workflow automation, something like Box Shield was actually less than a year old when the kind of pandemic hit, which meant there was kind of less momentum on some of that security story and strategy.

And so today, Shield being a much more advanced data security platform capability for our customers, the advancements we’ve done in data governance. And so when you kind of add up all of those capabilities and the value proposition, we just look like a very, very different platform to our customers. We can retire spend on other infrastructure that they might otherwise have to go spend on. We can go deeper in the business processes of the organization and then ultimately, obviously, keep our customers secure from very rampant and dynamic threats that are out there. So that’s on the product kind of capabilities, and then our road map, I think, just continues to reflect that.

And then conversely on the kind of pricing and packaging, we’ve made it just much more attractive and much easier for our customers to leverage those capabilities. So again, similarly, right when the pandemic hit in 2020, we had only the very initial couple of quarters of suites, and so that hadn’t really been kind of baked into our sales and go-to-market motion. EnterprisePlus has really kind of turbocharged our suites push. Obviously, you can see that’s the majority of those large deal suites that we’re now doing already, and we continue to see that rolling out across the customer base.

So the product road map, the pricing, the packaging and positioning for our customers and really just going after these high-value use cases that companies have around content management, I think that is what has put us in a very different position. And then kind of taking a step back and just looking at the overall makeup of the business, we’ve obviously driven very significant operating leverage in the company. I think that has really allowed us to be much more focused, drive greater execution. And so that’s also kind of paying dividends as well.

Dylan Smith — Chief Financial Officer and Co-founder

Yes. And maybe just to build on that and compare it. Outside of the product, how that show has showed up in some of these customer conversations and impacts, in COVID, we did see a pretty pronounced impact in certain industries as well as the SMB space, where some companies are seeing a real step function change in their business.

I would say this environment is very different. In addition to our having a much stronger product to address what customers are looking for, customers are still continuing to spend in IT just with more of a focus on lowering total cost of ownership, driving efficiencies and doing a lot of things that are very aligned with our — especially newer product capabilities, which is why I think you’ve seen less of an impact to our business, even though we’re certainly not immune in this type of environment.

Joshua Baer — Morgan Stanley — Analyst

Great. Thank you.

Operator

Your next question comes from the line of Ittai Kidron of Oppenheimer.

George Iwanyc — Oppenheimer — Analyst

This is George Iwanyc. Thanks for taking my questions. So Aaron, maybe with the tighter scrutiny you’re seeing, can you maybe give us a bit of an update on Japan and Europe? How much of the demand environment there is FX related versus what you’re seeing from a deal engagement perspective?

Aaron Levie — Chief Executive Officer, Co-founder

Yes. So I think we’re seeing pretty consistent trends, fairly normalized trends across the geos. There is that kind of macro overlay and dynamic that we face in — for all of our customers where there’s more budget scrutiny. They’re looking to vendors that can help them reduce costs or really kind of focus on their most mission-critical areas of investment. And so some of that flows down into our deal cycles as well, certainly. I was just in Japan about three weeks ago, visiting customers, the demand environment there remains, I think, relatively healthy, and in Europe in the summer, visiting customers as well.

So I would say, broad-based generally still a healthy demand environment with that one overlay of everybody is dealing with the macro environment in different ways. You’re going to see that budget scrutiny shows up in deals. Sometimes that might be the deal that we thought was bigger, might be a little bit smaller in some segments, that could mean that maybe there’s fewer seats involved. But as you can tell with the numbers, we’re continuing to mitigate that as much as possible and work through it.

George Iwanyc — Oppenheimer — Analyst

All right. And then maybe kind of building out what you’re seeing from a competitive standpoint, the churn and win rate commentary is pretty encouraging. Are you seeing price pressure in any markets deal pressure and/or are you seeing share gains in — with some of the products?

Aaron Levie — Chief Executive Officer, Co-founder

Yes. I think as we’ve noted, pricing actually has strengthened. So we’re pretty happy about the kind of price per seat environment that we’re seeing, and that’s really a result of, again, EnterprisePlus adding more value within the platform. I really like our competitive position when we’re working with customers, being able to highlight the full value of our platform is really getting out of the conversation of sort of one-to-one competition with any particular vendor because the full value of the platform, I think, is showing up in an increasing way. So that’s all super exciting. And we’re still even in advance of things like the launch and rollout of Canvas. So I’m excited for adding even more differentiation and value that our customers are clamoring for.

George Iwanyc — Oppenheimer — Analyst

Thank you.

Aaron Levie — Chief Executive Officer, Co-founder

Yes, thanks.

Operator

Your next question comes from the line of Chad Bennett of Craig Hallum Capital.

Chad Bennett — Craig-Hallum Capital — Analyst

Yes, hey guys. Thanks for fitting me in. So just, again, kind of digging in a little bit into the commentary around, I think, selective large deals that were more scrutinized or seeing kind of lower seat count growth. I’m trying to understand kind of relative to what seems like pretty strong suite adoption, EnterprisePlus is obviously, I think, been more than well received by the base. And a billings growth rate that whether it’s reported or constant currency actually kind of beat expectations, that kind of did beat expectations and kind of blew through a bigger FX headwind than you thought. And early renewals, which we’re not hearing that at all. These days are — I’m not — and we’re actually hearing the opposite. So it is — again, not to get too in the weeds, but just the large deal scrutiny, is that more of a post-quarter thing you’re seeing? Or just kind of realizing kind of everything out there and what people are saying?

Aaron Levie — Chief Executive Officer, Co-founder

Yes. I mean I think some of that is trends that we saw throughout the quarter from just, again, deal sizing some of the direct kind of interaction with customers, some of the reports that we run of trends in the business. Some of it is trying to anticipate continuation of certain trends in Q4 and beyond and being prudent with our expectations, so it’s kind of a mix of that. Again, it is this interesting environment where there’s a lot of, I think, positive tailwinds with the space that we’re in, the kind of value that we’re delivering for customers.

We can go into a customer, in many cases, help them save millions of dollars on spending on IT. When you look at their infrastructure cost, their content management systems, their security technology. It’s a very, very potent value proposition right now. At the same time, in some specific sectors and environments, you could have customers not hiring as many people that might mean that maybe our proposal for an ELA or some of the seat expansion might be on hold, and we have seen that dynamic play out. So I think when you kind of factor all that in, extrapolate out. And also, I think our interest in being prudent right now, that’s sort of the numbers that we’ve kind of put out there.

Chad Bennett — Craig-Hallum Capital — Analyst

Okay. And then maybe one follow-up real quick. In the slide you put out a while ago, I think it was around on Analyst Day in terms of the lift you see when someone goes from core to suites and whether it’s in terms of ARR or net retention and the price per seat being, I think, at least 2x, is all that still valid and real today, economic-wise?

Aaron Levie — Chief Executive Officer, Co-founder

Yes, that’s exactly right. Yes. So the relative impact that we do see of when customers move into suites comparing to the core, we are seeing those same types of price per seat in overall economics trends, really stronger top to bottom from average deal size and price per seat to the net retention rates to gross margins being stronger and particularly with EnterprisePlus now making up 90% of the suite sales that we’re making has further supported that trend.

Chad Bennett — Craig-Hallum Capital — Analyst

Good to hear. Nice job on the quarter. Thanks.

Operator

[Operator Instructions] Your next question comes from the line of Rishi Jaluria of RBC Capital Markets.

Rishi Jaluria — RBC Capital Markets — Analyst

Wonderful. Thanks so much for taking my questions, and nice to see continued resilience in spite of the macro. I’ve got two questions, one for Aaron, one for Dylan. Aaron, I want to maybe drill a little bit down into suites, right? So you’ve seen some pretty impressive attach rates. As you think about your attach rates, though, for suite, how has that been trending outside the U.S. and particularly in Japan because I know you’ve talked about that in the past?

Aaron Levie — Chief Executive Officer, Co-founder

Yes. We did call it out a few quarters back in Japan in particular because of the channel environment. They were maybe slower to take up our suites and EnterprisePlus strategy. That has all but kind of turned around and we’re now seeing steady improvements on that front. So it’s not something that we would call out as an impediment in the EPlus performance at this point. And now just honestly, continue to drive this in every single customer conversation we’re in and continue to drive it across the customer base.

Rishi Jaluria — RBC Capital Markets — Analyst

Yes. Got it. That’s helpful. And then, Dylan, if we think about your NRR, it did tick down a little bit and then you’re guiding to a ticking down about another 2 points. Is that purely because of headcount? Or are there some other factors that might be at play there? And remind us, is there any FX impact that goes on in on that?

Dylan Smith — Chief Financial Officer and Co-founder

Sure. So at Tier 1, it is primarily that headcount and lower seat expansion. As mentioned, the pricing side of the equation in terms of what impacts expansion has been quite strong as has our churn rate and our expectations there. So there’s a little bit of a factor in — that we’re now facing tougher comps given the momentum that we’ve seen over the past year, but we really point primarily to head count or seat expansion to your point.

Rishi Jaluria — RBC Capital Markets — Analyst

All right. Wonderful. Thanks guys.

Aaron Levie — Chief Executive Officer, Co-founder

Awesome. Thanks Rishi.

Operator

Your next question comes from the line of Erik Suppiger of JMP Securities.

Erik Suppiger — JMP Securities — Analyst

Thanks for taking the questions. First off, I just want to make sure how much of your business is sold — your international business is sold in local currencies. Is it predominantly sold in local currencies? And then I guess I’ve got a follow-up.

Aaron Levie — Chief Executive Officer, Co-founder

Sure. So it is — so it’s roughly 85% of our international business is in the local currencies.

Erik Suppiger — JMP Securities — Analyst

Okay. Then on the EnterprisePlus, what would you guess that your penetration across your installed base is? And as you increase that penetration, what opportunity is there for additional price lifting once the customer is at EnterprisePlus because that’s it’s been a driver of your growth? And is that going to slow if you start getting deeper penetration with EnterprisePlus?

Dylan Smith — Chief Financial Officer and Co-founder

Sure. So I can take that. This is Dylan. I would say the suites penetration broadly, as you mentioned, is now — represents 42% of our total revenue, up pretty significantly from 31% a year ago. The majority of that is now EPlus, although because of the timing, and when we rolled out EnterprisePlus, there’s still a lot of suite customers who are not EnterprisePlus but expect over time the significant majority to move into EnterprisePlus, just we saw that 90-plus percent contribution to suites larger deals this most recent quarter.

And then in terms of the pricing, once a customer is already on EnterprisePlus, they do have the strongest relative net retention rates, but that’s less driven by price per seat improvements from there and more that those are the types of customers who see the greatest value out of Box, the greatest stickiness, so they see the strongest seat expansion and adoption.

So over time, as we continue to build out our product portfolio, we could certainly introduce higher-tier suites beyond EnterprisePlus or change the pricing, which would be future price per seat upside, but in this — in terms of what we’ve been seeing historically, the strong net retention from our EnterprisePlus customers is primarily driven by seat growth.

Erik Suppiger — JMP Securities — Analyst

All right. Very good. Thank you.

Operator

Your next question comes from the line Rich Hilliker.

Richard Hilliker — Credit Suisse — Analyst

Rich Hilliker from CS. Thanks for taking my question and congrats on the quarter. It was great to see the strong RPO and steady suite attach. I was wondering, given the greater scrutiny on large deals, how should we think through bookings duration from here as move into next year and relative to where it’s come up from.

Dylan Smith — Chief Financial Officer and Co-founder

Sure. So initially, we really have not seen much of an impact on durations in this environment as customers are still increasingly viewing Box as a strategic long-term partner, so still continuing to sign longer term deals with us. And so from the contract durations’ point of view, those have been pretty stable and have actually been lengthening slightly over the past year, which has contributed to some of the strength in RPO growth and then payment durations have generally been pretty consistent as well. So that’s all kind of steady as she goes in terms of the duration contribution of those metrics.

Richard Hilliker — Credit Suisse — Analyst

Excellent. Great to hear. And maybe, Aaron, one for you here. Just wondering in this environment, how your product conversations are changing. Given the solution selling approach, given the value you’re pushing through suite, I was wondering if you had any other conversations maybe around relay or ways to drive efficiencies given some of the scrutiny and then just the overall macro pressure? Thanks.

Aaron Levie — Chief Executive Officer, Co-founder

Yes. So on the efficiency side for customers, we are seeing a lot of conversations around can we help you migrate from a legacy network file share or document management system or maybe SharePoint that’s on-prem. So we’re really kind of helping with those more immediate cost-cutting conversations on that front to help our customers on purely the expenditure side. Probably one of the biggest trends that has frankly been consistent in the past couple of years is just data security and compliance.

I think the threat landscape is probably no surprise to everybody on this call. You have ransomware issues. We have a lot of different kind of cyber activity happening, and customers are really looking to make sure that they can protect their most important content and assets. Inside of these files are their critical contracts, financial information, movie scripts, prerelease product materials and so being able to protect that and keep it centralized in a secure platform is super important for our customers. And so getting off legacy systems they have very limited visibility into, being able to integrate a single platform across their applications, that’s — we’re seeing that be of extreme value for customers in this environment.

Richard Hilliker — Credit Suisse — Analyst

Great. Thank you.

Aaron Levie — Chief Executive Officer, Co-founder

Yes, thanks.

Operator

At this time, there are no further questions. I will now turn the floor back over to Cynthia Hiponia, Head of Investor Relations, for any closing remarks.

Cynthia Hiponia — Vice President, Investor Relations

Great. Thank you, everyone, for joining us this afternoon, and we look forward to updating you on our Q4 earnings call.

Operator

[Operator Closing Remarks]

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